cluster peer create

Create a new cluster peer relationship

Availability: This command is available to cluster administrators at the admin privilege level.

Description

The cluster peer create command establishes a peer relationship between two clusters. Cluster peering enables independent clusters to coordinate and exchange data.

Before creating a new cluster peer relationship, make sure that both clusters are individually healthy and that there are no other peer relationships between the two clusters that might interfere with the new relationship.

You can create a cluster peer relationship using the IPv4 or IPv6 protocol. You may not use both protocols within a single relationship.

Use the cluster show and cluster peer show commands on each cluster to display health, peering eligibility, and peering information about the two clusters.

Parameters

[-peer-addrs <Remote InetAddress>, ...] - Remote Intercluster Addresses
Use this parameter to specify the names or IP addresses of the logical interfaces used for intercluster communication. Separate the addresses with commas.

The addresses you provide here are associated with the remote cluster until you modify or delete the relationship, regardless of whether the addresses are valid. Make sure to provide addresses which you know will remain available on the remote cluster. You can use the hostnames of the remote cluster's intercluster addresses, the IP addresses of the remote cluster's intercluster LIFs or both.

[-username <text>] - Remote User Name
Use this optional parameter to specify a username that runs a reciprocal cluster peer create command on the peered cluster. If you choose not to use the reciprocal creation option, by not supplying a username for reciprocal creation, you must run cluster peer create again on the remote cluster to complete the peering relationship.

If you specify the username for the remote cluster, you will be prompted to enter the associated remote password. These credentials are not stored, they are used only during creation to authenticate with the remote cluster and to enable the remote cluster to authorize the peering request. The provided username's profile must have access to the console application in the remote cluster.

Use the security login role show and security login show commands on each cluster to find user names and their privilege levels.

[-no-authentication [true]] - Do Not Use Authentication
Use this optional parameter when omitting the -username parameter to indicate that you will create an unauthenticated peering relationship.
[-timeout <integer>] - Operation Timeout (seconds) (privilege: advanced)
Use this optional parameter to specify a timeout value for peer communications. Specify the value in seconds. The default timeout value is 60 seconds.
[-address-family {ipv4|ipv6}] - Address Family of Relationship
Use this optional parameter to specify the address family of the cluster peer relationship. The default is based on existing relationships, existing local intercluster LIFs belonging to a particular address-family, and the addresses supplied to the cluster peer create command.
[-offer-expiration {MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM:SS | {1..7}days | {1..168}hours}] - Passphrase Match Deadline
Specifying cluster peer create normally creates an offer to establish authentication with a cluster that is a potential cluster peer to this cluster. Such offers expire unless they are accepted within some definite time. Use this optional parameter to specify the date and time at which this offer should expire, the time after which the offer will no longer be accepted.
[-rpc-connect-timeout <integer>] - Timeout for RPC Connect (seconds) (privilege: advanced)
Use this optional parameter to specify a timeout value for the RPC connect during peer communications. Specify the value in seconds. The default timeout value is 10 seconds.
[-update-ping-timeout <integer>] - Timeout for Update Pings (seconds) (privilege: advanced)
Use this optional parameter to specify a timeout value for pings while updating remote cluster information. Specify the value in seconds. The default timeout value is 5 seconds. This parameter applies only to cluster peer relationships using the IPv4 protocol.
[-ipspace <IPspace>] - IPspace for the Relationship
Use this optional parameter to specify the IPspace within which the cluster peering relationship is to operate. The default is to use the 'Default' IPspace.
[-local-name <Cluster name>] - Peer Cluster Local Name
Use this optional parameter to specify a unique local name to identify the remote cluster that is being peered. The local name must conform to the same rules as a cluster name. The default value is the remote cluster name.
[-generate-passphrase [true]] - Use System-Generated passphrase
Use this optional parameter alone to create cluster peer offer for the unidentified clusters or use it along with -peer-addrs option to automatically generate the passphrase for the cluster peer operation with the peer cluster.
[-initial-allowed-vserver-peers <Vserver Name>, ...] - Vservers allowed for auto peering
Use this optional parameter to specify the list of Vservers for which reciprocal Vserver peering with peer cluster should be enabled. Upon the time of successful peering, Vserver peer permission entries will be created for the peer cluster for the specified list of Vservers.

Examples

This example creates a peer relationship between cluster1 and cluster2. This reciprocal create executes the create command on both the local cluster and the remote cluster. The cluster peer create command can use the hostnames of cluster2's intercluster addresses, the IP addresses of cluster2's intercluster LIFs, or both. Note that the admin user's password was typed at the prompt, but was not displayed.
cluster1::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs cluster2-d2,10.98.234.246 -username admin

Remote Password:

cluster1::> cluster peer show -instance

                          Peer Cluster Name: cluster2
              Remote Intercluster Addresses: cluster2-d2, 10.98.234.246
         Availability of the Remote Cluster: Available
                        Remote Cluster Name: cluster2
                        Active IP Addresses: 10.98.234.246, 10.98.234.243
                      Cluster Serial Number: 1-80-123456
             Address Family of Relationship: ipv4
       Authentication Status Administrative: no-authentication
          Authentication Status Operational: absent
                           Last Update Time: 02/05 21:05:41
               IPspace for the Relationship: Default
 Encryption for Inter-Cluster Communication: none

This example shows coordinated peer creation. The cluster peer create command was issued locally on each cluster. This does not require you to provide the username and password for the remote cluster. There is a password prompt, but if you are logged in as the admin user, you may simply press enter.

cluster1::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs cluster2-d2, 10.98.234.246 -no-authentication

Remote Password:
NOTICE: Addition of the local cluster information to the remote cluster has
failed with the following error: not authorized for that command. You may
need to repeat this command on the remote cluster.

cluster1::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster2                  1-80-123456           Available      absent
cluster2::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs cluster1-d2 -no-authentication

Remote Password:
NOTICE: Addition of the local cluster information to the remote cluster has
failed with the following error: not authorized for that command. You may
need to repeat this command on the remote cluster.

cluster2::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster1                  1-80-654321           Available      absent

This example shows a reciprocal cluster peer create over IPv6 addresses, that establishes a cluster peer relationship with an IPv6 address family.

cluster1::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs FD20:8B1E:B255:C222:6A17:0BBD:E92C:4523 -username admin

Remote Password:

cluster1::> cluster peer show -instance

             Address Family of Relationship: ipv6
                          Peer Cluster Name: cluster2
              Remote Intercluster Addresses: FD20:8B1E:B255:C222:6A17:0BBD:E92C:4523
         Availability of the Remote Cluster: Available
                        Remote Cluster Name: cluster2
                        Active IP Addresses: FD20:8B1E:B255:C222:6A17:0BBD:E92C:4523
                      Cluster Serial Number: 1-80-123456
             Address Family of Relationship: ipv6
       Authentication Status Administrative: no-authentication
       Authentication Status Operational: absent
                           Last Update Time: 02/05 21:05:41
               IPspace for the Relationship: Default
 Encryption for Inter-Cluster Communication: none

This example shows creation of an authenticated peering relationship. It is an example of using the coordinated method to create a cluster peer relationship. The cluster peer create command is issued locally on each cluster. Before executing this pair of commands, a passphrase to be used with the commands is chosen and given at the prompts. The passphrase can be any text; it is prompted for twice on each cluster, and all four copies of the passphrase must agree. The passphrase does not echo on the screen. The passphrase must be longer than the minimum length as specified by the cluster peer policy on both clusters.

cluster1::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs cluster2-d2, 10.98.234.246

Enter the passphrase:
Enter the passphrase again:

Notice: Now use the same passphrase in the "cluster peer create" command in the
        other cluster.

cluster1::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster2                  -                     Unavailable    pending

cluster2::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs cluster1-d2

Enter the passphrase:
Enter the passphrase again:

cluster2::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster1                  1-80-654321           Available      ok

This example creates a peer relationship between cluster1 and cluster2. This reciprocal create executes the create command on both the local cluster and the remote cluster. The cluster peer create command can use the hostnames of cluster2's intercluster addresses, the IP addresses of cluster2's intercluster LIFs or both. Note that the admin user's password was typed at the prompt, but was not displayed. The -local-name parameter is specified to create a local name used to identify the peer cluster in cases where the name of the peer cluster is not unique or not descriptive.

cluster1::> create -peer-addrs 10.98.191.193 -username admin -local-name locallyUniqueName

cluster1::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
locallyUniqueName                1-80-000011           Available      absent

cluster1::> cluster peer show -instance

                          Peer Cluster Name: locallyUniqueName
              Remote Intercluster Addresses: 10.98.191.193
         Availability of the Remote Cluster: Available
                        Remote Cluster Name: cluster2
                        Active IP Addresses: 10.98.191.193
                      Cluster Serial Number: 1-80-000011
             Address Family of Relationship: ipv4
       Authentication Status Administrative: no-authentication
          Authentication Status Operational: absent
                           Last Update Time: 02/05 21:05:41
               IPspace for the Relationship: Default
 Encryption for Inter-Cluster Communication: none

The following example create a peer relationship between cluster1 and cluster2 using system-generated passphrases:

cluster1::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs 10.98.191.193 -generate-passphrase

            Passphrase: UCa+6lRVICXeL/gq1WrK7ShR
            Peer Cluster Name: cluster2
            Initial Allowed Vserver Peers: -
            Expiration Time: 6/7/2017 09:16:10 +5:30
            Intercluster LIF IP: 10.140.106.185

            Warning: make a note of the passphrase - it cannot be displayed again.

cluster1::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster2                  -                     Unavailable    pending

cluster2::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs 10.140.106.185

Enter the passphrase:

Clusters cluster1 and cluster2 are peered.

cluster2::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster1                  1-80-654321           Available      ok

The following example creates a cluster peer offer from cluster1 for an anonymous cluster using system-generated passphrase with offer expiration period of two days and the cluster2 uses the offer from cluster2 with the system-generated passphrase:

cluster1::> cluster peer create -generate-passphrase -offer-expiration 2days

            Passphrase: UCa+6lRVICXeL/gq1WrK7ShR
            Peer Cluster Name: Clus_7ShR (temporary generated)
            Initial Allowed Vserver Peers: -
            Expiration Time: 6/9/2017 08:16:10 +5:30
            Intercluster LIF IP: 10.140.106.185

            Warning: make a note of the passphrase - it cannot be displayed again.

cluster1::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
Clus_7ShR                 -                     Unidentified   pending


cluster2::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs 10.140.106.185

Enter the passphrase:

Clusters cluster1 and cluster2 are peered.

cluster2::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster1                  1-80-654321           Available      ok

Cluster "cluster1" creates an offer with initial-allowed-vserver-peers option set to Vservers "vs1" and "vs2". And the peer cluster "cluster2" uses the offer and creates peer relationship with cluster1, upon the successful peer relationship establishment, Vserver peer permission entries are created for the Vservers "vs1" and "vs2" in cluster "cluster1" for the peer cluster "cluster2". The following example describes the usage of initial-allowed-vserver-peers option in the cluster peer creation workflow:

cluster1::> cluster peer create -generate-passphrase -initial-allowed-vserver-peers vs1,vs2

            Passphrase: UCa+6lRVICXeL/gq1WrK7ShR
            Peer Cluster Name: Clus_7ShR (temporary generated)
            Initial Allowed Vserver Peers: vs1,vs2
            Expiration Time: 6/7/2017 09:16:10 +5:30
            Intercluster LIF IP: 10.140.106.185

            Warning: make a note of the passphrase - it cannot be displayed again.

cluster1::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
Clus_7ShR                 -                     Unidentified   pending


cluster2::> cluster peer create -peer-addrs 10.140.106.185

Enter the passphrase:

Clusters cluster1 and cluster2 are peered.

cluster2::> cluster peer show
Peer Cluster Name         Cluster Serial Number Availability   Authentication
------------------------- --------------------- -------------- --------------
cluster1                  1-80-654321           Available      ok


cluster1::> vserver peer permission show

Peer Cluster         Vserver               Applications
-------------------  --------------------  --------------------
cluster2
                     vs1                   snapmirror
                     vs2                   snapmirror
2 entries were displayed.