NetApp Storage Options for GCP

Contributors

Google Cloud supports NetApp storage in the following configurations:

Deploy Cloud Volumes ONTAP in Google Cloud (Do It Yourself)

Cloud Volumes ONTAP shares and LUNs can be mounted from VMs that are created in the GCVE private cloud environment. The volumes can also be mounted on the Linux client and on Windows client and LUNS can be accessed on Linux or Windows clients as block devices when mounted over iSCSI because Cloud Volumes ONTAP supports iSCSI, SMB, and NFS protocols. Cloud Volumes ONTAP volumes can be set up in a few simple steps.

To replicate volumes from an on-premises environment to the cloud for disaster recovery or migration purposes, establish network connectivity to Google Cloud, either using a site-to-site VPN or Cloud Interconnect. Replicating data from on-premises to Cloud Volumes ONTAP is outside the scope of this document. To replicate data between on-premises and Cloud Volumes ONTAP systems, see Setting up data replication between systems.

Note Use Cloud Volumes ONTAP sizer to accurately size the Cloud Volumes ONTAP instances. Also monitor on-premises performance to use as inputs in the Cloud Volumes ONTAP sizer.
  1. Log in to NetApp Cloud Central—the Fabric View screen is displayed. Locate the Cloud Volumes ONTAP tab and select Go to Cloud Manager. After you are logged in, the Canvas screen is displayed.

    gcve cvo guest 1

  2. On the Cloud Manager Canvas tab, click Add a Working Environment and then select Google Cloud Platform as the cloud and the type of the system configuration. Then, click Next.

    gcve cvo guest 2

  3. Provide the details of the environment to be created including the environment name and admin credentials. After you are done, click Continue.

    gcve cvo guest 3

  4. Select or deselect the add-on services for Cloud Volumes ONTAP deployment, including Data Sense & Compliance or Backup to Cloud. Then, click Continue.

    HINT: A verification pop-up message will be displayed when deactivating add-on services.
    Add-on services can be added/removed after CVO deployment, consider to deselect them if not needed from the beginning to avoid costs.

    gcve cvo guest 4

  5. Select a location, choose a firewall policy, and select the checkbox to confirm network connectivity to Google Cloud storage.

    gcve cvo guest 5

  6. Select the license option: Pay-As-You-Go or BYOL for using existing license. In this example, Freemium option is used. Then, click on Continue.

    gcve cvo guest 6

  7. Select between several preconfigured packages available based on the type of workload that will be deployed on the VMs running on VMware cloud on AWS SDDC.

    HINT: Hoover your mouse over the tiles for details or customize CVO components and ONTAP version by clicking on Change Configuration.

    gcve cvo guest 7

  8. On the Review & Approve page, review and confirm the selections.To create the Cloud Volumes ONTAP instance, click Go.

    gcve cvo guest 8

  9. After Cloud Volumes ONTAP is provisioned, it is listed in the working environments on the Canvas page.

    gcve cvo guest 9

Additional configurations for SMB volumes

  1. After the working environment is ready, make sure the CIFS server is configured with the appropriate DNS and Active Directory configuration parameters. This step is required before you can create the SMB volume.

    HINT: Click on the Menu Icon (º), select Advanced to display more options and select CIFS setup.

    gcve cvo guest 10

  2. Creating the SMB volume is an easy process. At Canvas, double-click the Cloud Volumes ONTAP working environment to create and manage volumes and click on the Create Volume option. Choose the appropriate size and cloud manager chooses the containing aggregate or use advanced allocation mechanism to place on a specific aggregate. For this demo, CIFS/SMB is selected as the protocol.

    gcve cvo guest 11

  3. After the volume is provisioned, it will be availabe under the Volumes pane. Because a CIFS share is provisioned, give your users or groups permission to the files and folders and verify that those users can access the share and create a file. This step is not required if the volume is replicated from an on-premises environment because the file and folder permissions are all retained as part of SnapMirror replication.

    HINT: Click on the volume menu (º) to display its options.

    gcve cvo guest 12

  4. After the volume is created, use the mount command to display the volume connection instructions, then connect to the share from the VMs on Google Cloud VMware Engine.

    gcve cvo guest 13

  5. Copy the following path and use the Map Network Drive option to mount the volume on the VM running on the Google Cloud VMware Engine.

    gcve cvo guest 14

    Once mapped, it can be easily accessed, and the NTFS permissions can be set accordingly.

    gcve cvo guest 15

Connect the LUN on Cloud Volumes ONTAP to a host

To connect the cloud volumes ONTAP LUN to a host, complete the following steps:

  1. On the Canvas page, double-click the Cloud Volumes ONTAP working environment to create and manage volumes.

  2. Click Add Volume > New Volume and select iSCSI and click Create Initiator Group. Click Continue.

    gcve cvo guest 16
    gcve cvo guest 17

  3. After the volume is provisioned, select the volume menu (º), and then click Target iQN. To copy the iSCSI Qualified Name (iQN), click Copy. Set up an iSCSI connection from the host to the LUN.

To accomplish the same for the host residing on Google Cloud VMware Engine:

  1. RDP to the VM hosted on Google Cloud VMware Engine.

  2. Open the iSCSI Initiator Properties dialog box: Server Manager > Dashboard > Tools > iSCSI Initiator.

  3. From the Discovery tab, click Discover Portal or Add Portal and then enter the IP address of the iSCSI target port.

  4. From the Targets tab, select the target discovered and then click Log on or Connect.

  5. Select Enable multipath, and then select Automatically Restore This Connection When the Computer Starts or Add This Connection to the List of Favorite Targets. Click Advanced.

    Note The Windows host must have an iSCSI connection to each node in the cluster. The native DSM selects the best paths to use.

    gcve cvo guest 18

    LUNs on storage virtual machine (SVM) appear as disks to the Windows host. Any new disks that are added are not automatically discovered by the host. Trigger a manual rescan to discover the disks by completing the following steps:

    1. Open the Windows Computer Management utility: Start > Administrative Tools > Computer Management.

    2. Expand the Storage node in the navigation tree.

    3. Click Disk Management.

    4. Click Action > Rescan Disks.

      gcve cvo guest 19

      When a new LUN is first accessed by the Windows host, it has no partition or file system. Initialize the LUN; and optionally, format the LUN with a file system by completing the following steps:

    5. Start Windows Disk Management.

    6. Right-click the LUN, and then select the required disk or partition type.

    7. Follow the instructions in the wizard. In this example, drive F: is mounted.

gcve cvo guest 20

On the Linux clients, ensure the iSCSI daemon is running. Once the LUNs are provisioned, refer to the detailed guidance on iSCSI configuration with Ubuntu as an example here. To verify, run lsblk cmd from the shell.

gcve cvo guest 21
gcve cvo guest 22

Mount Cloud Volumes ONTAP NFS volume on Linux client

To mount the Cloud Volumes ONTAP (DIY) file system from VMs within Google Cloud VMware Engine, follow the below steps:

Provision the volume following the below steps

  1. In the Volumes tab, click Create New Volume.

  2. On the Create New Volume page, select a volume type:

    gcve cvo guest 23

  3. In the Volumes tab, place your mouse cursor over the volume, select the menu icon (º), and then click Mount Command.

    gcve cvo guest 24

  4. Click Copy.

  5. Connect to the designated Linux instance.

  6. Open a terminal on the instance using secure shell (SSH) and log in with the appropriate credentials.

  7. Make a directory for the volume’s mount point with the following command.

    $ sudo mkdir /cvogcvetst

    gcve cvo guest 25

  8. Mount the Cloud Volumes ONTAP NFS volume to the directory that is created in the previous step.

    sudo mount 10.0.6.251:/cvogcvenfsvol01 /cvogcvetst

    gcve cvo guest 26
    gcve cvo guest 27

Configure Cloud Volumes Service with VMware Engine

Cloud Volumes Service shares can be mounted from VMs that are created in the VMware Engine environment. The volumes can also be mounted on the Linux client and mapped on the Windows client because Cloud Volumes Service supports SMB and NFS protocols. Cloud Volumes Service volumes can be set up in simple steps.

Cloud Volume Service and Google Cloud VMware Engine private cloud must be in the same region.

To purchase, enable and configure NetApp Cloud Volumes Service for Google Cloud from the Google Cloud Marketplace, follow this detailed guide.

Create a CVS NFS volume to GCVE private cloud

To create and mount NFS volumes, complete the following steps:

  1. Access Cloud Volumes from Partner Solutions within the Google cloud console.

    gcve cvs guest 1

  2. In the Cloud Volumes Console, go to the Volumes page and click Create.

    gcve cvs guest 2

  3. On the Create File System page, specify the volume name and billing labels as required for chargeback mechanisms.

    gcve cvs guest 3

  4. Select the appropriate service. For GCVE, choose CVS-Performance and desired service level for improved latency and higher performance based on the application workload requirements.

    gcve cvs guest 4

  5. Specify the Google Cloud region for the volume and volume path (The volume path must be unique across all of cloud volumes in the project)

    gcve cvs guest 5

  6. Select the level of performance for the volume.

    gcve cvs guest 6

  7. Specify the size of the volume and the protocol type. In this testing, NFSv3 is used.

    gcve cvs guest 7

  8. In this step, select the VPC Network from which the volume will be accessible. Ensure VPC peering is in place.

    HINT: If VPC peering has not been done, a pop-up button will be displayed to guide you through the peering commands. Open a Cloud Shell session and execute the appropriate commands to peer your VPC with Cloud Volumes Service producer. In case you decide to prepare VPC peering in beforehand, refer to these instructions.

    gcve cvs guest 8

  9. Manage the Export policy rules by adding the appropriate rules and Select the checkbox for the corresponding NFS version.

    Note: Access to NFS volumes won’t be possible unless an export policy is added.

    gcve cvs guest 9

  10. Click Save to create the volume.

    gcve cvs guest 10

Mounting NFS exports to VMs running on VMware Engine

Before preparing to mount the NFS volume, ensure the peering status of private connection is listed as Active. Once status is Active, use the mount command.

To mount an NFS volume, do the following:

  1. In the Cloud Console, go to Cloud Volumes > Volumes.

  2. Go to the Volumes page

  3. Click the NFS volume for which you want to mount NFS exports.

  4. Scroll to the right, under Show More, click Mount Instructions.

To perform the mounting process from within the guest OS of the VMware VM, follow the below steps:

  1. Use SSH client and SSH to the virtual machine.

  2. Install the nfs client on the instance.

    1. On Red Hat Enterprise Linux or SuSE Linux instance:

      sudo yum install -y nfs-utils
    2. On an Ubuntu or Debian instance:

      sudo apt-get install nfs-common
  3. Create a new directory on the instance, such as "/nimCVSNFSol01":

    sudo mkdir /nimCVSNFSol01

    gcve cvs guest 20

  4. Mount the volume using the appropriate command. Example command from the lab is below:

    sudo mount -t nfs -o rw,hard,rsize=65536,wsize=65536,vers=3,tcp 10.53.0.4:/nimCVSNFSol01 /nimCVSNFSol01

    gcve cvs guest 21
    gcve cvs guest 22

Creating and Mounting SMB Share to VMs running on VMware Engine

For SMB volumes, make sure the Active Directory connections is configured prior to creating the SMB volume.

gcve cvs guest 30

Once the AD connection is in place, create the volume with the desired service level. The steps are like creating NFS volume except selecting the appropriate protocol.

  1. In the Cloud Volumes Console, go to the Volumes page and click Create.

  2. On the Create File System page, specify the volume name and billing labels as required for chargeback mechanisms.

    gcve cvs guest 31

  3. Select the appropriate service. For GCVE, choose CVS-Performance and desired service level for improved latency and higher performance based on the workload requirements.

    gcve cvs guest 32

  4. Specify the Google Cloud region for the volume and volume path (The volume path must be unique across all of cloud volumes in the project)

    gcve cvs guest 33

  5. Select the level of performance for the volume.

    gcve cvs guest 34

  6. Specify the size of the volume and the protocol type. In this testing, SMB is used.

    gcve cvs guest 35

  7. In this step, select the VPC Network from which the volume will be accessible. Ensure VPC peering is in place.

    HINT: If VPC peering has not been done, a pop-up button will be displayed to guide you through the peering commands. Open a Cloud Shell session and execute the appropriate commands to peer your VPC with Cloud Volumes Service producer. In case you decide to prepare VPC peering in beforehand, refer to these instructions.

    gcve cvs guest 36

  8. Click Save to create the volume.

    gcve cvs guest 37

To mount the SMB volume, do the following:

  1. In the Cloud Console, go to Cloud Volumes > Volumes.

  2. Go to the Volumes page

  3. Click the SMB volume for which you want to map an SMB share.

  4. Scroll to the right, under Show More, click Mount Instructions.

To perform the mounting process from within the Windows guest OS of the VMware VM, follow the below steps:

  1. Click the Start button and then click on Computer.

  2. Click Map Network Drive.

  3. In the Drive list, click any available drive letter.

  4. In the folder box, type:

    \\nimsmb-3830.nimgcveval.com\nimCVSMBvol01

    gcve cvs guest 38

    To connect every time you log on to your computer, select the Reconnect at sign-in check box.

  5. Click Finish.

    gcve cvs guest 39