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SAP HANA 软件安装

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在单主机系统上安装

SAP HANA 软件安装不需要为单主机系统做任何其他准备。

在多主机系统上安装

开始安装之前,请创建一个 global.ini 文件,以便在安装过程中使用 SAP 存储连接器。在安装过程中, SAP 存储连接器会在工作主机上挂载所需的文件系统。global.ini 文件必须位于可从所有主机访问的文件系统中,例如, ` /ha/shared` 文件系统。

在多主机系统上安装 SAP HANA 软件之前,必须完成以下步骤:

  1. 将以下数据 LUN 和日志 LUN 的挂载选项添加到 global.ini 文件中:

    • relatimeinode64 用于数据和日志文件系统

  2. 添加数据分区和日志分区的 WWID 。WWID 必须与 ` /etc/multipath.conf` 文件中配置的别名匹配。

    以下输出显示了 2+1 多主机设置示例,其中系统标识符( SID )为 SS3 。

    stlrx300s8-6:~ # cat /hana/shared/global.ini
    [communication]
    listeninterface = .global
    [persistence]
    basepath_datavolumes = /hana/data/SS3
    basepath_logvolumes = /hana/log/SS3
    [storage]
    ha_provider = hdb_ha.fcClient
    partition_*_*__prtype = 5
    partition_*_data__mountoptions = -o relatime,inode64
    partition_*_log__mountoptions = -o relatime,inode64,nobarrier
    partition_1_data__wwid = hana-SS3_data_mnt00001
    partition_1_log__wwid = hana-SS3_log_mnt00001
    partition_2_data__wwid = hana-SS3_data_mnt00002
    partition_2_log__wwid = hana-SS3_log_mnt00002
    [system_information]
    usage = custom
    [trace]
    ha_fcclient = info
    stlrx300s8-6:~ #

    如果使用的是 Linux LVM ,则所需的配置会有所不同。以下示例显示了一个 2+1 多主机设置,其中 SID 为 FC5 。

    sapcc-hana-tst-03:/hana/shared # cat global.ini
    [communication]
    listeninterface = .global
    [persistence]
    basepath_datavolumes = /hana/data/FC5
    basepath_logvolumes = /hana/log/FC5
    [storage]
    ha_provider = hdb_ha.fcClientLVM
    partition_*_*__prtype = 5
    partition_*_data__mountOptions = -o relatime,inode64
    partition_*_log__mountOptions = -o relatime,inode64
    partition_1_data__lvmname = FC5_data_mnt00001-vol
    partition_1_log__lvmname = FC5_log_mnt00001-vol
    partition_2_data__lvmname = FC5_data_mnt00002-vol
    partition_2_log__lvmname = FC5_log_mnt00002-vol
    sapcc-hana-tst-03:/hana/shared #
    Using the SAP hdblcm installation tool, start the installation by running the following command at one of the worker hosts. Use the `addhosts` option to add the second worker (sapcc-hana-tst-04) and the standby host (sapcc-hana-tst-05).
    注 存储已准备的 global.ini 文件的目录包含在 storage_cfg CLI 选项(` - storage_cfg=/has/shared` )中。
    注 根据所使用的操作系统版本,可能需要先安装 Python 2.7 ,然后再安装 SAP HANA 数据库。
    sapcc-hana-tst-03:/mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/HDB_LCM_LINUX_X86_64 # ./hdblcm --action=install --addhosts=sapcc-hana-tst-04:role=worker:storage_partion=2,sapcc-hana-tst-05:role:=standby --storage_cfg=/hana(shared/shared
    
    
    SAP HANA Lifecycle Management - SAP HANA Database 2.00.052.00.1599235305
    ************************************************************************
    
    
    Scanning software locations...
    Detected components:
        SAP HANA AFL (incl.PAL,BFL,OFL) (2.00.052.0000.1599259237) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/HDB_AFL_LINUX_X86_64/packages
        SAP HANA Database (2.00.052.00.1599235305) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/HDB_SERVER_LINUX_X86_64/server
        SAP HANA Database Client (2.5.109.1598303414) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/HDB_CLIENT_LINUX_X86_64/client
        SAP HANA Smart Data Access (2.00.5.000.0) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/SAP_HANA_SDA_20_LINUX_X86_64/packages
        SAP HANA Studio (2.3.54.000000) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/HDB_STUDIO_LINUX_X86_64/studio
        SAP HANA Local Secure Store (2.4.24.0) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/HANA_LSS_24_LINUX_X86_64/packages
        SAP HANA XS Advanced Runtime (1.0.130.519) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_RT_10_LINUX_X86_64/packages
        SAP HANA EML AFL (2.00.052.0000.1599259237) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/HDB_EML_AFL_10_LINUX_X86_64/packages
        SAP HANA EPM-MDS (2.00.052.0000.1599259237) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/SAP_HANA_EPM-MDS_10/packages
        GUI for HALM for XSA (including product installer) Version 1 (1.014.1) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACALMPIUI14_1.zip
        XSAC FILEPROCESSOR 1.0 (1.000.85) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACFILEPROC00_85.zip
        SAP HANA tools for accessing catalog content, data preview, SQL console, etc. (2.012.20341) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSAC_HRTT_20/XSACHRTT12_20341.zip
        XS Messaging Service 1 (1.004.10) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACMESSSRV04_10.zip
        Develop and run portal services for customer apps on XSA (1.005.1) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACPORTALSERV05_1.zip
        SAP Web IDE Web Client (4.005.1) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSAC_SAP_WEB_IDE_20/XSACSAPWEBIDE05_1.zip
        XS JOB SCHEDULER 1.0 (1.007.12) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACSERVICES07_12.zip
        SAPUI5 FESV6 XSA 1 - SAPUI5 1.71 (1.071.25) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACUI5FESV671_25.zip
        SAPUI5 SERVICE BROKER XSA 1 - SAPUI5 Service Broker 1.0 (1.000.3) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACUI5SB00_3.zip
        XSA Cockpit 1 (1.001.17) in /mnt/sapcc-share/software/SAP/HANA2SP5-52/DATA_UNITS/XSA_CONTENT_10/XSACXSACOCKPIT01_17.zip
    
    
    SAP HANA Database version '2.00.052.00.1599235305' will be installed.
    
    Select additional components for installation:
      Index | Components | Description
      ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      1     | all        | All components
      2     | server     | No additional components
      3     | client     | Install SAP HANA Database Client version 2.5.109.1598303414
      4     | lss        | Install SAP HANA Local Secure Store version 2.4.24.0
      5     | studio     | Install SAP HANA Studio version 2.3.54.000000
      6     | smartda    | Install SAP HANA Smart Data Access version 2.00.5.000.0
      7     | xs         | Install SAP HANA XS Advanced Runtime version 1.0.130.519
      8     | afl        | Install SAP HANA AFL (incl.PAL,BFL,OFL) version 2.00.052.0000.1599259237
      9     | eml        | Install SAP HANA EML AFL version 2.00.052.0000.1599259237
      10    | epmmds     | Install SAP HANA EPM-MDS version 2.00.052.0000.1599259237
    
    Enter comma-separated list of the selected indices [3]: 2,3
    Enter Installation Path [/hana/shared]:
    Enter Local Host Name [sapcc-hana-tst-03]:
  3. 验证安装工具是否已在所有工作主机和备用主机上安装所有选定组件。