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安装 Tiebreaker 软件

提供者 NetAppZacharyWambold netapp-martyh netapp-aherbin netapp-ivanad ntap-bmegan 下载此页面的 PDF

Tiebreaker 软件可为集群存储环境提供监控功能。此外,它还会在发生节点连接问题和站点灾难时发送 SNMP 通知。

必须安装和配置 MetroCluster 软件。

安装或升级 Tiebreaker 软件的系统要求

Tiebreaker 软件安装在第三个站点上,该软件可以区分交换机间链路( ISL )故障(站点间链路关闭时)和站点故障。在本地计算机上安装或升级 Tiebreaker 软件以监控 MetroCluster 配置之前,主机系统必须满足特定要求。

MetroCluster Tiebreaker 软件具有以下监控功能和要求:

  • 对于不同的 MetroCluster 配置,不需要特殊配置。

  • 可同时监控多达 15 个 MetroCluster 配置。

    每个 MetroCluster 配置只能有一个 MetroCluster Tiebreaker 监控器,以避免与多个 Tiebreaker 监控器发生任何冲突。
  • 支持 MetroCluster IP , MetroCluster FC 和延伸型 MetroCluster 配置的组合。

  • 硬件和软件:

    • ONTAP 8.3.x , 9.0 , 9.1 , 9.2 , 9.3 , 9.4 , 9.5 , 9.6 , 9.7 和 9.8

  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 到 7.6 或 CentOS 7 到 7.6 64 位(物理安装或虚拟机)

    • MariaDB 5.5.52-x

    • 4 GB RAM

    • 打开 Java Runtime Environment 8.

  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 到 6.10 或 CentOS 6.4 到 6.10 64 位(物理安装或虚拟机)

    • MySQL Server 5.6.x

    • 2 GB RAM

    • 打开 Java Runtime Environment 8.

  • 磁盘容量: 8 GB

  • 用户: root 访问权限

  • 防火墙:

    • 直接访问以设置 AutoSupport 消息

    • SSH (端口 22/TCP ), HTTPS (端口 443/TCP )和 ping ( ICMP )

  • 不支持在启用了 FIPS 的主机上安装。

安装 MetroCluster Tiebreaker 依赖关系

在安装或升级 Tiebreaker 软件之前,您必须根据主机所在的 Linux 操作系统安装 MySQL 或 MariaDB 服务器。

步骤
  1. 安装 Java Runtime Environment 。

  2. 安装 MySQL 或 MariaDB 服务器:

    如果 Linux 主机为 那么 …​

    Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6/CentOS 6.

    Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7/CentOS 7.

安装 Java Runtime Environment 1.8

在安装或升级 Tiebreaker 软件之前,必须在主机系统上安装 Java Runtime Environment 1.8 。

步骤
  1. root 身份登录到主机系统。

    login as: root
    root@mcctb's password:
    Last login: Fri Jan  8 21:33:00 2017 from host.domain.com
  2. 安装 Java Runtime Environment 1.8 : ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# yum install java-1.8.0-OpenJDK.x86_64`

    [root@mcctb ~]# yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk.x86_64
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    ... shortened....
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ===============================================================================================
    Package               Arch   Version                     Repository                     Size
    ===============================================================================================
    Installing:
     java-1.8.0-openjdk  x86_64  1:1.8.0.144-0.b01.el7_4      updates                      238 k
     ..
     ..
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================================
    Install  1 Package  (+ 4 Dependent packages)
    
    Total download size: 34 M
    Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
    
    Installed:
    java-1.8.0-openjdk.x86_64 1:1.8.0.144-0.b01.el7_4
    Complete!

在 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 或 CentOS 6 上安装 MySQL Server 5.5.30 或更高版本以及 5.6.x 版本

在安装或升级 Tiebreaker 软件之前,必须在主机系统上安装 MySQL Server 5.5.30 或更高版本以及 5.6.x 版本。

步骤
  1. root 身份登录到主机系统。

    login as: root
    root@mcctb's password:
    Last login: Fri Jan  8 21:33:00 2016 from host.domain.com
  2. 将 MySQL 存储库添加到主机系统: ` [root@mcctb ~ ]# yum localinstall https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el6-11.noarch.rpm`[]

    Loaded plugins: product-id, refresh-packagekit, security, subscription-manager
    Setting up Local Package Process
    Examining /var/tmp/yum-root-LLUw0r/mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch.rpm: mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch
    Marking /var/tmp/yum-root-LLUw0r/mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch.rpm to be installed
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package mysql-community-release.noarch 0:el6-5 will be installed
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    Dependencies Resolved
    ================================================================================
    Package               Arch   Version
                                        Repository                             Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
    mysql-community-release
                           noarch el6-5 /mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch 4.3 k
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       1 Package(s)
    Total size: 4.3 k
    Installed size: 4.3 k
    Is this ok [y/N]: y
    Downloading Packages:
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing : mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch                         1/1
      Verifying  : mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch                         1/1
    Installed:
      mysql-community-release.noarch 0:el6-5
    Complete!
  3. 禁用 mysql 57 存储库: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# yum config-manager -disable mysql57-community`

  4. 启用 mysql 56 存储库: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# yum config-manager -enable mysql56 community`

  5. 启用存储库: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# yum repolist enabled | grep "mysql.-community."`

    mysql-connectors-community           MySQL Connectors Community            21
    mysql-tools-community                MySQL Tools Community                 35
    mysql56-community                    MySQL 5.6 Community Server           231
  6. 安装 MySQL 社区服务器: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# yum install mysql-commune-server`

    Loaded plugins: product-id, refresh-packagekit, security, subscription-manager
    This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager
    to register.
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ....Output truncated....
    ---> Package mysql-community-libs-compat.x86_64 0:5.6.29-2.el6 will be obsoleting
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    Dependencies Resolved
    ==================================================================================================
    Package                                     Arch         Version        Repository         Size
    ==================================================================================================
    Installing:
     mysql-community-client                      x86_64      5.6.29-2.el6   mysql56-community  18  M
         replacing  mysql.x86_64 5.1.71-1.el6
     mysql-community-libs                        x86_64      5.6.29-2.el6   mysql56-community  1.9 M
         replacing  mysql-libs.x86_64 5.1.71-1.el6
     mysql-community-libs-compat                 x86_64      5.6.29-2.el6   mysql56-community  1.6 M
         replacing  mysql-libs.x86_64 5.1.71-1.el6
     mysql-community-server                      x86_64      5.6.29-2.el6   mysql56-community  53  M
         replacing  mysql-server.x86_64 5.1.71-1.el6
    Installing for dependencies:
    mysql-community-common                      x86_64       5.6.29-2.el6  mysql56-community   308 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ==================================================================================================
    Install       5 Package(s)
    Total download size: 74 M
    Is this ok [y/N]: y
    Downloading Packages:
    (1/5): mysql-community-client-5.6.29-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                           |  18 MB     00:28
    (2/5): mysql-community-common-5.6.29-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                           | 308 kB     00:01
    (3/5): mysql-community-libs-5.6.29-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                             | 1.9 MB     00:05
    (4/5): mysql-community-libs-compat-5.6.29-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                      | 1.6 MB     00:05
    (5/5): mysql-community-server-5.6.29-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                           |  53 MB     03:42
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total                                                                  289 kB/s |  74 MB     04:24
    warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
    Retrieving key from file:/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
    Importing GPG key 0x5072E1F5:
     Userid : MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>
    Package: mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch (@/mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch)
     From   : file:/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
    Is this ok [y/N]: y
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing : mysql-community-common-5.6.29-2.el6.x86_64
    ....Output truncated....
    1.el6.x86_64                                                                                  7/8
      Verifying  : mysql-5.1.71-1.el6.x86_64                       													                  8/8
    Installed:
      mysql-community-client.x86_64 0:5.6.29-2.el6          mysql-community-libs.x86_64 0:5.6.29-2.el6
      mysql-community-libs-compat.x86_64 0:5.6.29-2.el6   mysql-community-server.x86_64 0:5.6.29-2.el6
    
    Dependency Installed:
      mysql-community-common.x86_64 0:5.6.29-2.el6
    
    Replaced:
      mysql.x86_64 0:5.1.71-1.el6 mysql-libs.x86_64 0:5.1.71-1.el6  mysql-server.x86_64 0:5.1.71-1.el6
    Complete!
  7. 启动 MySQL 服务器: ` [root@mcctb ~ ]# service mysqld start`

    Initializing MySQL database:  2016-04-05 19:44:38 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT
    value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation
     for more details).
    2016-04-05 19:44:38 0 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 5.6.29) starting as process 2487 ...
    2016-04-05 19:44:38 2487 [Note] InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages
    2016-04-05 19:44:38 2487 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
    ....Output truncated....
    2016-04-05 19:44:42 2509 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625987
    
    PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER!
    To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands:
    
      /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
      /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h mcctb password 'new-password'
    
    Alternatively, you can run:
      /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
    
    which will also give you the option of removing the test
    databases and anonymous user created by default.  This is
    strongly recommended for production servers.
    ....Output truncated....
    WARNING: Default config file /etc/my.cnf exists on the system
    This file will be read by default by the MySQL server
    If you do not want to use this, either remove it, or use the
    --defaults-file argument to mysqld_safe when starting the server
    
                                                               [  OK  ]
    Starting mysqld:                                           [  OK  ]
  8. 确认 MySQL 服务器正在运行: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# service mysqld status`

    mysqld (pid  2739) is running...
  9. 配置安全和密码设置: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# mysql_security_installation`

    NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
           SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
    
     In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
     password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
     you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
     so you should just press enter here.
    
     Enter current password for root (enter for none):   <== on default install hit enter here
     OK, successfully used password, moving on...
    
     Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
     root user without the proper authorisation.
    
     Set root password? [Y/n] y
     New password:
     Re-enter new password:
     Password updated successfully!
     Reloading privilege tables..
      ... Success!
    
     By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
     to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
     them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
     go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
     production environment.
    
     Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
      ... Success!
    
     Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
     ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
    
     Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
      ... Success!
    
     By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
     access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
     before moving into a production environment.
    
     Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
      - Dropping test database...
     ERROR 1008 (HY000) at line 1: Can't drop database 'test'; database doesn't exist
      ... Failed!  Not critical, keep moving...
      - Removing privileges on test database...
      ... Success!
    
     Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
     will take effect immediately.
    
     Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
      ... Success!
    
     All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
     installation should now be secure.
    
     Thanks for using MySQL!
    
     Cleaning up...
  10. 验证 MySQL 登录是否正常工作: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# mysql -u root – p`

    Enter password: <configured_password>
    Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
    Your MySQL connection id is 17
    Server version: 5.6.29 MySQL Community Server (GPL)
    
    Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
    
    Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
    affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
    owners.
    
    Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
    mysql>

    如果 MySQL 登录正常,输出将在 mysql> 提示符处结束。

启用 MySQL 自动启动设置

您应确保已为 MySQL deamon 启用自动启动功能。如果 MetroCluster Tiebreaker 软件所在的系统重新启动,则打开 MySQL 守护进程会自动重新启动 MySQL 。如果 MySQL 守护进程未运行, Tiebreaker 软件将继续运行,但无法重新启动,并且无法更改配置。

要在安装时启用自动启动,请参见 MySQL 文档。

在 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 或 CentOS 7 上安装 MariaDB 服务器

在安装或升级 Tiebreaker 软件之前,必须在主机系统上安装 MariaDB 服务器。

主机系统必须运行在 Red Hat Enterprise Linux ( RHEL ) 7 或 CentOS 7 上。

步骤
  1. root 身份登录到主机系统。

    login as: root
    root@mcctb's password:
    Last login: Fri Jan  8 21:33:00 2017 from host.domain.com
  2. 安装 MariaDB 服务器: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# yum install MariaDB-server.x86_64`

     [root@mcctb ~]# yum install mariadb-server.x86_64
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
    ...
    ...
    
    =======================================================================================
     Package                      Arch   Version         Repository               Size
    =======================================================================================
    Installing:
    mariadb-server               x86_64   1:5.5.56-2.el7   base                   11 M
    Installing for dependencies:
    
    Transaction Summary
    =======================================================================================
    Install  1 Package  (+8 Dependent packages)
    Upgrade             ( 1 Dependent package)
    
    Total download size: 22 M
    Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
    Downloading packages:
    No Presto metadata available for base
    warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/base/packages/mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64.rpm:
    Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID f4a80eb5: NOKEY] 1.4 MB/s | 3.3 MB  00:00:13 ETA
    Public key for mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
    (1/10): mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64.rpm  | 757 kB  00:00:01
    ..
    ..
    (10/10): perl-Net-Daemon-0.48-5.el7.noarch.rpm|  51 kB  00:00:01
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Installed:
      mariadb-server.x86_64 1:5.5.56-2.el7
    
    Dependency Installed:
    mariadb.x86_64 1:5.5.56-2.el7         perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2.x86_64 0:2.061-3.el7
    perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 1:2.061-4.el7 perl-DBD-MySQL.x86_64 0:4.023-5.el7
    perl-DBI.x86_64 0:1.627-4.el7  perl-IO-Compress.noarch 0:2.061-2.el7 perl-Net-Daemon.noarch 0:0.48-5.el7          perl-PlRPC.noarch 0:0.2020-14.el7
    
    Dependency Updated:
      mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.56-2.el7
    Complete!
  3. 启动 MariaDB 服务器: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# systemctl start MariaDB`

    [root@mcctb ~]# systemctl start mariadb
  4. 验证 MariaDB 服务器是否已启动: ` 根@mcctb ~ ]# systemctl status MariaDB`

    [root@mcctb ~]# systemctl status mariadb
    mariadb.service - MariaDB database server
    ...
    Nov 08 21:28:59 mcctb systemd[1]: Starting MariaDB database server...
    ...
    Nov 08 21:29:01 scspr0523972001 systemd[1]: Started MariaDB database server.
    确保已为 MariaDB 启用自动启动设置。
  5. 配置安全和密码设置: @根 ~ mcctb ]# mysql_security_installation

    [root@mcctb ~]# mysql_secure_installation
    NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
    SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
    Set root password? [Y/n] y
    New password:
    Re-enter new password:
    Password updated successfully!
    Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
    ... Success!
    Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
    ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
    Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
    ... Success!
    Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
    - Dropping test database...
    ... Success!
    - Removing privileges on test database...
    ... Success!
    Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
    ... Success!
    Cleaning up...
    All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
    installation should now be secure.
    Thanks for using MariaDB!

安装或升级软件包

您必须在本地计算机上安装或升级 MetroCluster Tiebreaker 软件,才能监控 MetroCluster 配置。

  • 存储系统必须运行 ONTAP 8.3.x 或更高版本。

  • 您必须已使用 yum install java-1.8.0-OpenJDK 命令安装 OpenJDK 。

步骤
  1. 下载 NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-Software-1.21P3-1.x86_64.rpm 文件。

  2. 以 root 用户身份登录到主机。

  3. 安装或升级 Tiebreaker 软件:

    如果您 …​ 问题描述此命令 …​

    执行新安装

    rpm -ivh NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-Software-1.21P3-1.x86_64.rpm

    成功安装时,系统将显示以下输出:

    [root@scspr0523972001 mcctb]# rpm -ivh NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-Software-1.21P3-1.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
    Updating / installing...
       1:NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-So################################# [100%]
    Post installation start Wed Sep  5 05:56:18 EDT 2018
    Enter MetroCluster Tiebreaker user password:
    
    Please enter mysql root password when prompted
    Enter password:
    Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/netapp-metrocluster-tiebreaker-software.service to /etc/systemd/system/netapp-metrocluster-tiebreaker-software.service.
    Enabled autostart of NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software daemon during boot
    Created symbolic link for NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software CLI
    Post installation end Wed Sep  5 05:56:24 EDT 2018
    Successfully installed NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software version 1.21P3

    升级现有安装

    rpm -Uvh NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-Software-1.21P3-1.x86_64.rpm

    成功升级后,系统将显示以下输出:

    [root@scspr0523972001 mcctb]# rpm -Uvh NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-Software-1.21P3-1.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
    Upgrading NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software....
    Stopping NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software services before upgrade.
    Stopping NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software daemon    [ OK ]
    Updating / installing...
       1:NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-So################################# [ 50%]
    Post installation start Wed Sep  5 05:59:13 EDT 2018
    Enabled autostart of NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software daemon during boot
    Created symbolic link for NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software CLI
    Post installation end Wed Sep  5 05:59:13 EDT 2018
    Successfully installed NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker software version 1.21P3
    Cleaning up / removing...
       2:NetApp-MetroCluster-Tiebreaker-So################################# [100%]

    如果输入的 MySQL root 密码不正确, Tiebreaker 软件会指示已成功安装该密码,但会显示 Access Denied 消息。要解决问题描述问题,您必须使用 rpm -e 命令卸载 Tiebreaker 软件,然后使用正确的 MySQL root 密码重新安装该软件。

步骤
  1. 通过打开从 Tiebreaker 主机到每个节点管理 LIF 和集群管理 LIF 的 SSH 连接,验证 Tiebreaker 与 MetroCluster 软件的连接。

    • 相关信息 *

升级运行 Tiebreaker 监控器的主机

如果您在升级之前将 Tiebreaker 监控器置于观察模式,则可以升级运行该监控器的主机,而不会造成任何中断。

步骤
  1. 验证监控器是否处于观察模式: monitor show – status

    NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker:> monitor show -status
    MetroCluster: cluster_A
        Disaster: false
        Monitor State: Normal
        Observer Mode: true
        Silent Period: 15
        Override Vetoes: false
        Cluster: cluster_Ba(UUID:4d9ccf24-080f-11e4-9df2-00a098168e7c)
            Reachable: true
            All-Links-Severed: FALSE
                Node: mcc5-a1(UUID:78b44707-0809-11e4-9be1-e50dab9e83e1)
                    Reachable: true
                    All-Links-Severed: FALSE
                    State: normal
                Node: mcc5-a2(UUID:9a8b1059-0809-11e4-9f5e-8d97cdec7102)
                    Reachable: true
                    All-Links-Severed: FALSE
                    State: normal
        Cluster: cluster_B(UUID:70dacd3b-0823-11e4-a7b9-00a0981693c4)
            Reachable: true
            All-Links-Severed: FALSE
                Node: mcc5-b1(UUID:961fce7d-081d-11e4-9ebf-2f295df8fcb3)
                    Reachable: true
                    All-Links-Severed: FALSE
                    State: normal
                Node: mcc5-b2(UUID:9393262d-081d-11e4-80d5-6b30884058dc)
                    Reachable: true
                    All-Links-Severed: FALSE
                    State: normal
  2. 将所有显示器更改为观察者模式。

    NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker :> monitor modify -monitor-name monitor_name -observer-mode true
  3. 要升级 Tiebreaker 主机,请按照以下操作步骤中的所有步骤进行操作:

  4. 禁用观察模式,将所有显示器移回联机模式。

    NetApp MetroCluster Tiebreaker :> monitor modify -monitor-name monitor_name -observer-mode false

为 Tiebreaker 软件选择 NTP 源

您应使用 Tiebreaker 软件的本地网络时间协议( NTP )源。它不应使用与 Tiebreaker 软件监控的 MetroCluster 站点相同的源。