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安装 NX-OS 软件

您可以使用此操作步骤 在 Nexus 3232C 集群交换机上安装 NX-OS 软件。

步骤
  1. 将集群交换机连接到管理网络。

  2. 使用 ping 命令验证与托管 NX-OS 软件和 RCF 的服务器的连接。

    此示例验证交换机是否可以通过 IP 地址 172.19.2.1 访问服务器:

    cs2# ping 172.19.2.1
    Pinging 172.19.2.1 with 0 bytes of data:
    
    Reply From 172.19.2.1: icmp_seq = 0. time= 5910 usec.
  3. 将 NX-OS 软件和 EPLD 映像复制到 Nexus 3232C 交换机。

    cs2# copy sftp: bootflash: vrf management
    Enter source filename: /code/nxos.9.3.4.bin
    Enter hostname for the sftp server: 172.19.2.1
    Enter username: user1
    
    Outbound-ReKey for 172.19.2.1:22
    Inbound-ReKey for 172.19.2.1:22
    user1@172.19.2.1's password:
    sftp> progress
    Progress meter enabled
    sftp> get   /code/nxos.9.3.4.bin  /bootflash/nxos.9.3.4.bin
    /code/nxos.9.3.4.bin  100% 1261MB   9.3MB/s   02:15
    sftp> exit
    Copy complete, now saving to disk (please wait)...
    Copy complete.
    
    
    cs2# copy sftp: bootflash: vrf management
    Enter source filename: /code/n9000-epld.9.3.4.img
    Enter hostname for the sftp server: 172.19.2.1
    Enter username: user1
    
    Outbound-ReKey for 172.19.2.1:22
    Inbound-ReKey for 172.19.2.1:22
    user1@172.19.2.1's password:
    sftp> progress
    Progress meter enabled
    sftp> get   /code/n9000-epld.9.3.4.img  /bootflash/n9000-epld.9.3.4.img
    /code/n9000-epld.9.3.4.img  100%  161MB   9.5MB/s   00:16
    sftp> exit
    Copy complete, now saving to disk (please wait)...
    Copy complete.
  4. 验证正在运行的 NX-OS 软件版本:

    cs2# show version
    Cisco Nexus Operating System (NX-OS) Software
    TAC support: http://www.cisco.com/tac
    Copyright (C) 2002-2019, Cisco and/or its affiliates.
    All rights reserved.
    The copyrights to certain works contained in this software are
    owned by other third parties and used and distributed under their own
    licenses, such as open source.  This software is provided "as is," and unless
    otherwise stated, there is no warranty, express or implied, including but not
    limited to warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
    Certain components of this software are licensed under
    the GNU General Public License (GPL) version 2.0 or
    GNU General Public License (GPL) version 3.0  or the GNU
    Lesser General Public License (LGPL) Version 2.1 or
    Lesser General Public License (LGPL) Version 2.0.
    A copy of each such license is available at
    http://www.opensource.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.php and
    http://opensource.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html and
    http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.php and
    http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/library.txt.
    
    Software
      BIOS: version 08.37
      NXOS: version 9.3(3)
      BIOS compile time:  01/28/2020
      NXOS image file is: bootflash:///nxos.9.3.3.bin
     NXOS compile time:  12/22/2019 2:00:00 [12/22/2019 14:00:37]
    
    
    Hardware
      cisco Nexus3000 C3232C Chassis (Nexus 9000 Series)
      Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2403 v2 @ 1.80GHz with 8154432 kB of memory.
      Processor Board ID FO??????GD
    
      Device name: cs2
      bootflash:   53298520 kB
    Kernel uptime is 0 day(s), 0 hour(s), 3 minute(s), 36 second(s)
    
    Last reset at 74117 usecs after Tue Nov 24 06:24:23 2020
      Reason: Reset Requested by CLI command reload
      System version: 9.3(3)
      Service:
    
    plugin
      Core Plugin, Ethernet Plugin
    
    Active Package(s):
    
    cs2#
  5. 安装 NX-OS 映像。

    安装映像文件会导致每次重新启动交换机时加载该映像文件。

    cs2# install all nxos bootflash:nxos.9.3.4.bin
    Installer will perform compatibility check first. Please wait.
    Installer is forced disruptive
    
    Verifying image bootflash:/nxos.9.3.4.bin for boot variable "nxos".
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Verifying image type.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Preparing "nxos" version info using image bootflash:/nxos.9.3.4.bin.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Preparing "bios" version info using image bootflash:/nxos.9.3.4.bin.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Performing module support checks.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Notifying services about system upgrade.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    
    Compatibility check is done:
    Module  bootable          Impact              Install-type  Reason
    ------- ----------------- ------------------- ------------- ------
         1     yes            disruptive          reset         default upgrade is not hitless
    
    
    Images will be upgraded according to following table:
    Module       Image       Running-Version(pri:alt)                New-Version          Upg-Required
    ------------ ----------- --------------------------------------- -------------------- ------------
         1       nxos        9.3(3)                                  9.3(4)               yes
         1       bios        v08.37(01/28/2020):v08.32(10/18/2016)   v08.37(01/28/2020)   no
    
    
    Switch will be reloaded for disruptive upgrade.
    Do you want to continue with the installation (y/n)?  [n] y
    
    Install is in progress, please wait.
    
    Performing runtime checks.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Setting boot variables.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Performing configuration copy.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    Module 1: Refreshing compact flash and upgrading bios/loader/bootrom.
    Warning: please do not remove or power off the module at this time.
    [####################] 100% -- SUCCESS
    
    
    Finishing the upgrade, switch will reboot in 10 seconds.
    cs2#
  6. 在交换机重新启动后验证 NX-OS 软件的新版本: show version

    cs2# show version
    Cisco Nexus Operating System (NX-OS) Software
    TAC support: http://www.cisco.com/tac
    Copyright (C) 2002-2020, Cisco and/or its affiliates.
    All rights reserved.
    The copyrights to certain works contained in this software are
    owned by other third parties and used and distributed under their own
    licenses, such as open source.  This software is provided "as is," and unless
    otherwise stated, there is no warranty, express or implied, including but not
    limited to warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
    Certain components of this software are licensed under
    the GNU General Public License (GPL) version 2.0 or
    GNU General Public License (GPL) version 3.0  or the GNU
    Lesser General Public License (LGPL) Version 2.1 or
    Lesser General Public License (LGPL) Version 2.0.
    A copy of each such license is available at
    http://www.opensource.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.php and
    http://opensource.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html and
    http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.php and
    http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/library.txt.
    
    Software
      BIOS: version 08.37
      NXOS: version 9.3(4)
      BIOS compile time:  01/28/2020
      NXOS image file is: bootflash:///nxos.9.3.4.bin
      NXOS compile time:  4/28/2020 21:00:00 [04/29/2020 06:28:31]
    
    
    Hardware
     cisco Nexus3000 C3232C Chassis (Nexus 9000 Series)
      Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2403 v2 @ 1.80GHz with 8154432 kB of memory.
      Processor Board ID FO??????GD
    
      Device name: rtpnpi-mcc01-8200-ms-A1
      bootflash:   53298520 kB
    Kernel uptime is 0 day(s), 0 hour(s), 3 minute(s), 14 second(s)
    
    Last reset at 196755 usecs after Tue Nov 24 06:37:36 2020
      Reason: Reset due to upgrade
      System version: 9.3(3)
      Service:
    
    plugin
      Core Plugin, Ethernet Plugin
    
    Active Package(s):
    
    cs2#
  7. 升级 EPLD 映像并重新启动交换机。

    cs2# show version module 1 epld
    
    EPLD Device                     Version
    ---------------------------------------
    MI   FPGA                       0x12
    IO   FPGA                       0x11
    
    cs2# install epld bootflash:n9000-epld.9.3.4.img module 1
    Compatibility check:
    Module        Type         Upgradable     Impact      Reason
    ------  -----------------  ----------    ----------   ------
         1         SUP          Yes           disruptive   Module Upgradable
    
    Retrieving EPLD versions.... Please wait.
    Images will be upgraded according to following table:
    Module  Type   EPLD              Running-Version   New-Version  Upg-Required
    ------  ----  -------------      ---------------   -----------  ------------
         1   SUP   MI FPGA                   0x12        0x12            No
         1   SUP   IO FPGA                   0x11        0x12            Yes
    The above modules require upgrade.
    The switch will be reloaded at the end of the upgrade
    Do you want to continue (y/n) ?  [n] y
    
    Proceeding to upgrade Modules.
    
    Starting Module 1 EPLD Upgrade
    
    Module 1 : IO FPGA [Programming] : 100.00% (     64 of      64 sectors)
    Module 1 EPLD upgrade is successful.
    Module        Type  Upgrade-Result
    ------  ------------------  --------------
         1         SUP         Success
    
    Module 1 EPLD upgrade is successful.
    cs2#
  8. 交换机重新启动后,重新登录,升级 EPLD 黄金映像并重新启动交换机。

    cs2# install epld bootflash:n9000-epld.9.3.4.img module 1 golden
    Digital signature verification is successful
    Compatibility check:
    Module        Type         Upgradable        Impact   Reason
    ------  -----------------  ----------    ----------   ------
         1            SUP           Yes       disruptive   Module Upgradable
    
    Retrieving EPLD versions.... Please wait.
    The above modules require upgrade.
    The switch will be reloaded at the end of the upgrade
    Do you want to continue (y/n) ?  [n] y
    
    Proceeding to upgrade Modules.
    
     Starting Module 1 EPLD Upgrade
    
    Module 1 : MI FPGA [Programming] : 100.00% (     64 of      64 sect
    Module 1 : IO FPGA [Programming] : 100.00% (     64 of      64 sect
    Module 1 EPLD upgrade is successful.
    Module        Type  Upgrade-Result
    ------  ------------------  --------------
         1         SUP         Success
    
    EPLDs upgraded.
    
    Module 1 EPLD upgrade is successful.
    cs2#
  9. 交换机重新启动后,登录以验证是否已成功加载新版本的 EPLD 。

    cs2# show version module 1 epld
    
    EPLD Device                     Version
    ---------------------------------------
    MI   FPGA                        0x12
    IO   FPGA                        0x12