本繁體中文版使用機器翻譯,譯文僅供參考,若與英文版本牴觸,應以英文版本為準。

使用kvecll命令管理Astra Data Store資源

您可以使用kubectl命令及Kubernetes API擴充、來管理Astra Data Store資源。

若要瞭解如何部署範例應用程式、請參閱 "部署測試應用程式"

如需叢集維護資訊、請參閱 "管理叢集"

您需要的是 #8217 ;需要的是什麼

列出Astra Data Store的Kubernetes自訂API資源

您可以使用Kubernetes內部的kubectl命令、與Astra Data Store叢集互動並觀察其狀態。

「API-resources'」命令中列出的每個項目都代表Kubernetes自訂資源定義(CRD)、Astra Data Store會在內部用來管理叢集。

此清單特別有助於取得每個Astra Data Store物件的簡短名稱、以減少您的輸入、如稍後所示。

  1. 顯示Astra Data Store的Kubernetes自訂API資源清單:

    kubectl api-resources --api-group astrads.netapp.io

    回應:

    NAME                   SHORTNAMES  APIGROUP            NAMESPACED  KIND
    astradsautosupports    adsas   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSAutoSupport
    astradscloudsnapshots  adscs   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSCloudSnapshot
    astradsclusters        adscl   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSCluster
    astradsexportpolicies  adsep   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSExportPolicy
    astradsfaileddrives    adsfd   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSFailedDrive
    astradslicenses        adsli   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSLicense
    astradsnfsoptions      adsnf   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSNfsOption
    astradsnodeinfoes      adsni   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSNodeInfo
    astradsnodemanagements adsnm   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSNodeManagement
    astradsqospolicies     adsqp   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSQosPolicy
    astradsversions        adsve   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSVersion
    astradsvolumefiles     adsvf   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSVolumeFiles
    astradsvolumes         adsvo   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSVolume
    astradsvolumesnapshots adsvs   astrads.netapp.io/v1alpha1 true   AstraDSVolumeSnapshot
  2. 若要在Kubernetes叢集中取得所有目前的Astra資料儲存區物件、請使用「kubectl Get ads -A」命令:

    kubectl get ads -A

    回應:

    NAMESPACE        NAME                                        AGE
    astrads-system   astradsqospolicy.astrads.netapp.io/bronze   45h
    astrads-system   astradsqospolicy.astrads.netapp.io/gold     45h
    astrads-system   astradsqospolicy.astrads.netapp.io/silver   45h
    
    NAMESPACE        NAME                                                   STATUS    VERSION       SERIAL NUMBER   MVIP           AGE
    astrads-system   astradscluster.astrads.netapp.io/astrads-cluster-9f1   created   arda-9.11.1   e000000009      10.224.8.146   46h
    
    NAMESPACE        NAME                                                  AGE
    astrads-system   astradsnodeinfo.astrads.netapp.io/englab.netapp.com   46h
    astrads-system   astradsnodeinfo.astrads.netapp.io/englab.netapp.com   46h
    astrads-system   astradsnodeinfo.astrads.netapp.io/englab.netapp.com   46h
    astrads-system   astradsnodeinfo.astrads.netapp.io/englab.netapp.com   46h
    
    NAMESPACE        NAME                                              AGE
    astrads-system   astradsversion.astrads.netapp.io/astradsversion   46h
    
    NAMESPACE        NAME                                            AGE
    astrads-system   astradsvolumefiles.astrads.netapp.io/test23     27h
    astrads-system   astradsvolumefiles.astrads.netapp.io/test234    27h
    astrads-system   astradsvolumefiles.astrads.netapp.io/test2345   4h22m
    
    NAMESPACE        NAME                                       SIZE   IP               CLUSTER             CREATED
    astrads-system   astradsvolume.astrads.netapp.io/test234    21Gi   172.25.123.123   astrads-cluster-9f1  true
    astrads-system   astradsvolume.astrads.netapp.io/test2345   21Gi   172.25.123.123   astrads-cluster-9f1  true
    
    NAMESPACE        NAME                                                                                SEQUENCE COMPONENT      EVENT                   TRIGGER   PRIORITY  SIZE   STATE
    astrads-system   astradsautosupport.astrads.netapp.io/controlplane-adsclustercreatesuccess-20211214t 9        controlplane   adsclustercreatesuccess k8sEvent  notice    0      uploaded
    astrads-system   astradsautosupport.astrads.netapp.io/controlplane-daily-20211215t0                  15       controlplane   daily                   periodic  notice    0      uploaded
    astrads-system   astradsautosupport.astrads.netapp.io/controlplane-daily-20211216t0                  20       controlplane   daily                   periodic  notice    0      uploaded
    astrads-system   astradsautosupport.astrads.netapp.io/storage-callhome.dbs.cluster.cannot.sync.blocks 10      storage        callhome.dbs.cluster.cannot.sync.blocks   firetapEvent   emergency   0      uploaded
    
    NAMESPACE        NAME                                  ADSCLUSTER          VALID PRODUCT          EVALUATION ENDDATE    VALIDATED
    astrads-system   astradslicense.astrads.netapp.io/e0   astrads-cluster-9f1 true  Astra Data Store true       2022-02-07 2021-12-16T20:43:23Z
  3. 使用其中一個簡短名稱來顯示叢集中磁碟區的目前狀態:

    kubectl get adsvo -A

    回應:

    NAMESPACE        NAME       SIZE   IP               CLUSTER                   CREATED
    astrads-system   test234    21Gi   172.25.138.109   astrads-cluster-9f1c99f   true
    astrads-system   test2345   21Gi   172.25.138.111   astrads-cluster-9f1c99f   true

使用KECBECVL副檔名上的說明選項

NetApp為「kubecll」命令提供「astrads」延伸、可讓您執行Astra Data Store叢集管理工作、例如新增授權、管理節點、疑難排解問題、以及擴充Astra Data Store叢集。「astrads」擴充功能包括「-h」選項、提供如何使用擴充功能及執行哪些工作的相關資訊。

  1. 顯示Astra Data Store「kubecll」擴充中所有命令的說明:

    kubectl astrads -h

    回應:

    A kubectl plugin for inspecting your AstraDS deployment
    
    Usage:
      astrads [command]
    
    Available Commands:
      asup        Manage AutoSupport
      clusters    Manage clusters
      drives      Manage drives in a cluster
      faileddrive Manage drive replacement in a cluster
      help        Help about any command
      license     Manage license in the astrads cluster
      maintenance Manage maintenance status of a node
      monitoring  Manage Monitoring Output
      nodes       Manage nodes in a cluster
    
    Flags:
          --as string                      Username to impersonate for the operation
          --as-group stringArray           Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be
                                             repeated to specify multiple groups.
          --cache-dir string               Default HTTP cache directory
                                             (default "/u/arda/.kube/http-cache")
          --certificate-authority string   Path to a cert file for the certificate authority
          --client-certificate string      Path to a client certificate file for TLS
          --client-key string              Path to a client key file for TLS
          --cluster string                 The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use
          --context string                 The name of the kubeconfig context to use
      -h, --help                           help for astrads
            --insecure-skip-tls-verify       If true, the server's certificate will not be checked
                                             for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure
            --kubeconfig string              Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.
        -n, --namespace string               If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request
            --request-timeout string         The length of time to wait before giving up on a single
                                             server request. Non-zero values should contain a
                                             corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h).
                                             A value of zero means don't timeout requests.
                                             (default "0")
        -s, --server string                  The address and port of the Kubernetes API server
            --token string                   Bearer token for authentication to the API server
            --user string                    The name of the kubeconfig user to use
  2. 如需命令的詳細資訊、請使用「astrads [command]-help]。

    kubectl astrads asup collect --help

    回應:

      Collect the autosupport bundle by specifying the component to collect. It will default to manual event.
    
      Usage:
        astrads asup collect [flags]
    
      Examples:
        # Control plane collection
          kubectl astrads collect --component controlplane example1
    
          # Storage collection for single node
          kubectl astrads collect --component storage --nodes node1 example2
    
          # Storage collection for all nodes
          kubectl astrads collect --component storage --nodes all example3
    
          # Collect but don't upload to support
          kubectl astrads collect --component controlplane --local example4
    
          NOTE:
          --component storage and --nodes <name> are mutually inclusive.
          --component controlplane and --nodes <name> are mutually exclusive.
    
        Flags:
          -c, --component string     Specify the component to collect: [storage , controlplane , vasaprovider, all]
          -d, --duration int         Duration is the duration in hours from the startTime for collection
                                       of AutoSupport.
                                       This should be a positive integer
          -e, --event string         Specify the callhome event to trigger. (default "manual")
          -f, --forceUpload          Configure an AutoSupport to upload if it is in the compressed state
                                       and not
                                       uploading because it was created with the 'local' option or if
                                       automatic uploads of AutoSupports is disabled
                                       at the cluster level.
          -h, --help                 help for collect
          -l, --local                Only collect and compress the autosupport bundle. Do not upload
                                       to support.
                                       Use 'download' to copy the collected bundle after it is in
                                       the 'compressed' state
               --nodes string          Specify nodes to collect for storage component. (default "all")
          -t, --startTime string     StartTime is the starting time for collection of AutoSupport.
                                       This should be in the ISO 8601 date time format.
                                       Example format accepted:
                                       2021-01-01T15:20:25Z, 2021-01-01T15:20:25-05:00
          -u, --usermessage string   UserMessage is the additional message to include in the
                                       AutoSupport subject.
                                       (default "Manual event trigger from CLI")