本繁體中文版使用機器翻譯,譯文僅供參考,若與英文版本牴觸,應以英文版本為準。

安裝參考組態檔(RCF)

您可以在初次設定Nexus 3132Q-V交換器之後安裝RCF。您也可以使用此程序來升級RCF版本。

本程序中的範例使用下列交換器和節點命名法:

  • 兩個Cisco交換器的名稱分別為「CS1」和「CS2」。

  • 節點名稱包括"cluster1-01"、"cluster1-02"、"cluster1-03"和"cluster1-04"。

  • 叢集LIF名稱為「cluster1-01_clus1」、「cluster1-01_clus2」、「cluster1-02_clus1」、「cluster1-02_clus2」、「cluster1-03_clus1」、 "cluster1-03_clus2"、"cluster1-04_clus1"和"cluster1-04_clus2"。

  • 「cluster1:*:>」提示會指出叢集的名稱。

附註 此程序需要同時使用ONTAP 支援指令和Cisco Nexus 3000系列交換器的命令;ONTAP 除非另有說明、否則會使用支援指令。
步驟
  1. 顯示連接至叢集交換器之每個節點上的叢集連接埠:

    「網路裝置探索秀」

    cluster1::*> network device-discovery show
    Node/       Local  Discovered
    Protocol    Port   Device (LLDP: ChassisID)  Interface         Platform
    ----------- ------ ------------------------- ----------------  ------------
    cluster1-01/cdp
                e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/7       N3K-C3132Q-V
                e0d    cs2                       Ethernet1/7       N3K-C3132Q-V
    cluster1-02/cdp
                e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/8       N3K-C3132Q-V
                e0d    cs2                       Ethernet1/8       N3K-C3132Q-V
    cluster1-03/cdp
                e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/1/1     N3K-C3132Q-V
                e0b    cs2                       Ethernet1/1/1     N3K-C3132Q-V
    cluster1-04/cdp
                e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/1/2     N3K-C3132Q-V
                e0b    cs2                       Ethernet1/1/2     N3K-C3132Q-V
    cluster1::*>
  2. 檢查每個叢集連接埠的管理和作業狀態。

    1. 確認所有叢集連接埠都正常運作:

      「網路連接埠顯示–角色叢集」

      cluster1::*> network port show -role cluster
      
      Node: cluster1-01
                                                                             Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      e0d       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      
      Node: cluster1-02
                                                                             Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      e0d       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      8 entries were displayed.
      
      Node: cluster1-03
      
         Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      e0b       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      
      Node: cluster1-04
                                                                             Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      e0b       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      cluster1::*>
    2. 確認所有叢集介面(l生命)都位於主連接埠:

      「網路介面show -role cluster」

      cluster1::*> network interface show -role cluster
                  Logical            Status     Network           Current      Current Is
      Vserver     Interface          Admin/Oper Address/Mask      Node         Port    Home
      ----------- ------------------ ---------- ----------------- ------------ ------- ----
      Cluster
                  cluster1-01_clus1  up/up     169.254.3.4/23     cluster1-01  e0a     true
                  cluster1-01_clus2  up/up     169.254.3.5/23     cluster1-01  e0d     true
                  cluster1-02_clus1  up/up     169.254.3.8/23     cluster1-02  e0a     true
                  cluster1-02_clus2  up/up     169.254.3.9/23     cluster1-02  e0d     true
                  cluster1-03_clus1  up/up     169.254.1.3/23     cluster1-03  e0a     true
                  cluster1-03_clus2  up/up     169.254.1.1/23     cluster1-03  e0b     true
                  cluster1-04_clus1  up/up     169.254.1.6/23     cluster1-04  e0a     true
                  cluster1-04_clus2  up/up     169.254.1.7/23     cluster1-04  e0b     true
      8 entries were displayed.
      cluster1::*>
    3. 驗證叢集是否顯示兩個叢集交換器的資訊:

      「系統叢集交換器show -is監控、可運作的true」

    cluster1::*> system cluster-switch show -is-monitoring-enabled-operational true
    Switch                      Type               Address          Model
    --------------------------- ------------------ ---------------- ---------------
    cs1                         cluster-network    10.0.0.1         NX3132QV
         Serial Number: FOXXXXXXXGS
          Is Monitored: true
                Reason: None
      Software Version: Cisco Nexus Operating System (NX-OS) Software, Version
                        9.3(4)
        Version Source: CDP
    
    cs2                         cluster-network    10.0.0.2         NX3132QV
         Serial Number: FOXXXXXXXGD
          Is Monitored: true
                Reason: None
      Software Version: Cisco Nexus Operating System (NX-OS) Software, Version
                        9.3(4)
        Version Source: CDP
    
    2 entries were displayed.
  3. 停用叢集生命體上的自動還原。

    cluster1::*> network interface modify -vserver Cluster -lif \* -auto-revert false
  4. 在叢集交換器CS2上、關閉連接至節點叢集連接埠的連接埠。

    cs2(config)# interface eth1/1/1-2,eth1/7-8
    cs2(config-if-range)# shutdown
  5. 確認叢集連接埠已移轉至叢集交換器CS1上裝載的連接埠。這可能需要幾秒鐘的時間。

    「網路介面show -role cluster」

    cluster1::*> network interface show -role cluster
                Logical           Status     Network            Current       Current Is
    Vserver     Interface         Admin/Oper Address/Mask       Node          Port    Home
    ----------- ----------------- ---------- ------------------ ------------- ------- ----
    Cluster
                cluster1-01_clus1 up/up      169.254.3.4/23     cluster1-01   e0a     true
                cluster1-01_clus2 up/up      169.254.3.5/23     cluster1-01   e0a     false
                cluster1-02_clus1 up/up      169.254.3.8/23     cluster1-02   e0a     true
                cluster1-02_clus2 up/up      169.254.3.9/23     cluster1-02   e0a     false
                cluster1-03_clus1 up/up      169.254.1.3/23     cluster1-03   e0a     true
                cluster1-03_clus2 up/up      169.254.1.1/23     cluster1-03   e0a     false
                cluster1-04_clus1 up/up      169.254.1.6/23     cluster1-04   e0a     true
                cluster1-04_clus2 up/up      169.254.1.7/23     cluster1-04   e0a     false
    8 entries were displayed.
    cluster1::*>
  6. 驗證叢集是否正常:

    「叢集展示」

    cluster1::*> cluster show
    Node                 Health  Eligibility   Epsilon
    -------------------- ------- ------------  -------
    cluster1-01          true    true          false
    cluster1-02          true    true          false
    cluster1-03          true    true          true
    cluster1-04          true    true          false
    4 entries were displayed.
    cluster1::*>
  7. 清除交換器CS2上的組態、然後執行基本設定。

    1. 清除組態。

      附註 此步驟需要主控台連線至交換器。
    cs2# write erase
    Warning: This command will erase the startup-configuration.
    Do you wish to proceed anyway? (y/n)  [n] y
    cs2# reload
    This command will reboot the system. (y/n)?  [n] y
    cs2#
    1. 執行交換器的基本設定。

  8. 使用下列傳輸傳輸協定之一、將RCF複製到交換器CS2的bootflash:FTP、TFTP、SFTP或scp。如需Cisco命令的詳細資訊、請參閱中的適當指南 "Cisco Nexus 3000系列NX-OS命令參考資料" 指南:

    本範例顯示使用TFTP將RCF複製到交換器CS2上的bootFlash:

    cs2# copy tftp: bootflash: vrf management
    Enter source filename: Nexus_3132QV_RCF_v1.6-Cluster-HA-Breakout.txt
    Enter hostname for the tftp server: 172.22.201.50
    Trying to connect to tftp server......Connection to Server Established.
    TFTP get operation was successful
    Copy complete, now saving to disk (please wait)...
  9. 將先前下載的RCF套用至bootFlash。

    如需Cisco命令的詳細資訊、請參閱中的適當指南 "Cisco Nexus 3000系列NX-OS命令參考資料" 指南:

    此範例顯示在交換器CS2上安裝的RCF檔案「Nexus _31382QV_RCF-v1.6-Cluster-HA-Breakout.txt':

    cs2# copy Nexus_3132QV_RCF_v1.6-Cluster-HA-Breakout.txt running-config echo-commands
  10. 檢查「show banner motd」命令的橫幅輸出。您必須閱讀並遵循*重要附註*下的指示、以確保交換器的組態和操作正確。

    cs2# show banner motd
    
    
    ******************************************************************************
    * NetApp Reference Configuration File (RCF)
    *
    * Switch   : Cisco Nexus 3132Q-V
    * Filename : Nexus_3132QV_RCF_v1.6-Cluster-HA-Breakout.txt
    * Date     : Nov-02-2020
    * Version  : v1.6
    *
    * Port Usage : Breakout configuration
    * Ports  1- 6: Breakout mode (4x10GbE) Intra-Cluster Ports, int e1/1/1-4,
    * e1/2/1-4, e1/3/1-4,int e1/4/1-4, e1/5/1-4, e1/6/1-4
    * Ports  7-30: 40GbE Intra-Cluster/HA Ports, int e1/7-30
    * Ports 31-32: Intra-Cluster ISL Ports, int e1/31-32
    *
    * IMPORTANT NOTES
    * - Load Nexus_3132QV_RCF_v1.6-Cluster-HA.txt for non breakout config
    *
    * - This RCF utilizes QoS and requires specific TCAM configuration, requiring
    *   cluster switch to be rebooted before the cluster becomes operational.
    *
    * - Perform the following steps to ensure proper RCF installation:
    *
    *   (1) Apply RCF, expect following messages:
    *       - Please save config and reload the system...
    *       - Edge port type (portfast) should only be enabled on ports...
    *       - TCAM region is not configured for feature QoS class IPv4...
    *
    *   (2) Save running-configuration and reboot Cluster Switch
    *
    ******************************************************************************
  11. 確認RCF檔案為正確的更新版本:

    「如何執行設定」

    當您檢查輸出以確認您擁有正確的RCF時、請確定下列資訊正確無誤:

    • RCF橫幅

    • 節點和連接埠設定

    • 自訂輸出會根據您的站台組態而有所不同。請檢查連接埠設定、並參閱版本說明、以瞭解您安裝的RCF的任何特定變更。

  12. 驗證RCF版本和交換器設定是否正確之後、請將執行組態檔複製到啟動組態檔。

    如需Cisco命令的詳細資訊、請參閱中的適當指南 "Cisco Nexus 3000系列NX-OS命令參考資料" 指南:

    cs2# copy running-config startup-config [########################################] 100% Copy complete
  13. 重新開機交換器CS2。您可以在交換器重新開機時忽略節點上報告的「叢集連接埠當機」事件。

    cs2# reload
    This command will reboot the system. (y/n)?  [n] y
  14. 套用相同的RCF並再次儲存執行中的組態。

    cs2# copy Nexus_3132QV_RCF_v1.6-Cluster-HA-Breakout.txt running-config echo-commands
    cs2# copy running-config startup-config [########################################] 100% Copy complete
  15. 驗證叢集上叢集連接埠的健全狀況。

    1. 驗證叢集中所有節點的e0d連接埠是否正常運作:

      「網路連接埠show -role cluster」

      cluster1::*> network port show -role cluster
      
      Node: cluster1-01
                                                                             Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      e0b       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      
      Node: cluster1-02
                                                                             Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      e0b       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/10000 healthy  false
      
      Node: cluster1-03
                                                                             Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      e0d       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      
      Node: cluster1-04
                                                                             Ignore
                                                        Speed(Mbps) Health   Health
      Port      IPspace      Broadcast Domain Link MTU  Admin/Oper  Status   Status
      --------- ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- ----------- -------- ------
      e0a       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      e0d       Cluster      Cluster          up   9000  auto/100000 healthy false
      8 entries were displayed.
    2. 驗證叢集的交換器健全狀況(這可能不會顯示交換器CS2、因為LIF不是位於e0d上)。

      cluster1::*> network device-discovery show -protocol cdp
      Node/       Local  Discovered
      Protocol    Port   Device (LLDP: ChassisID)  Interface         Platform
      ----------- ------ ------------------------- ----------------- --------
      cluster1-01/cdp
                  e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/7       N3K-C3132Q-V
                  e0d    cs2                       Ethernet1/7       N3K-C3132Q-V
      cluster01-2/cdp
                  e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/8       N3K-C3132Q-V
                  e0d    cs2                       Ethernet1/8       N3K-C3132Q-V
      cluster01-3/cdp
                  e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/1/1     N3K-C3132Q-V
                  e0b    cs2                       Ethernet1/1/1     N3K-C3132Q-V
      cluster1-04/cdp
                  e0a    cs1                       Ethernet1/1/2     N3K-C3132Q-V
                  e0b    cs2                       Ethernet1/1/2     N3K-C3132Q-V
      
      cluster1::*> system cluster-switch show -is-monitoring-enabled-operational true
      Switch                      Type               Address          Model
      --------------------------- ------------------ ---------------- -----
      cs1                         cluster-network    10.233.205.90    N3K-C3132Q-V
           Serial Number: FOXXXXXXXGD
            Is Monitored: true
                  Reason: None
        Software Version: Cisco Nexus Operating System (NX-OS) Software, Version
                          9.3(4)
          Version Source: CDP
      
      cs2                         cluster-network    10.233.205.91    N3K-C3132Q-V
           Serial Number: FOXXXXXXXGS
            Is Monitored: true
                  Reason: None
        Software Version: Cisco Nexus Operating System (NX-OS) Software, Version
                          9.3(4)
          Version Source: CDP
      
      2 entries were displayed.
    附註

    您可能會在CS1交換器主控台觀察到下列輸出、視先前載入交換器的RCF版本而定:

    2020 Nov 17 16:07:18 cs1 %$ VDC-1 %$ %STP-2-UNBLOCK_CONSIST_PORT: Unblocking port port-channel1 on VLAN0092. Port consistency restored.
    2020 Nov 17 16:07:23 cs1 %$ VDC-1 %$ %STP-2-BLOCK_PVID_PEER: Blocking port-channel1 on VLAN0001. Inconsistent peer vlan.
    2020 Nov 17 16:07:23 cs1 %$ VDC-1 %$ %STP-2-BLOCK_PVID_LOCAL: Blocking port-channel1 on VLAN0092. Inconsistent local vlan.
  16. 在叢集交換器CS1上、關閉連接至節點叢集連接埠的連接埠。

    下列範例使用步驟1的介面輸出範例:

    cs1(config)# interface eth1/1/1-2,eth1/7-8
    cs1(config-if-range)# shutdown
  17. 驗證叢集LIF是否已移轉至交換器CS2上裝載的連接埠。這可能需要幾秒鐘的時間。

    「網路介面show -role cluster」

    cluster1::*> network interface show -role cluster
                Logical            Status     Network            Current             Current Is
    Vserver     Interface          Admin/Oper Address/Mask       Node                Port    Home
    ----------- ------------------ ---------- ------------------ ------------------- ------- ----
    Cluster
                cluster1-01_clus1  up/up      169.254.3.4/23     cluster1-01         e0d     false
                cluster1-01_clus2  up/up      169.254.3.5/23     cluster1-01         e0d     true
                cluster1-02_clus1  up/up      169.254.3.8/23     cluster1-02         e0d     false
                cluster1-02_clus2  up/up      169.254.3.9/23     cluster1-02         e0d     true
                cluster1-03_clus1  up/up      169.254.1.3/23     cluster1-03         e0b     false
                cluster1-03_clus2  up/up      169.254.1.1/23     cluster1-03         e0b     true
                cluster1-04_clus1  up/up      169.254.1.6/23     cluster1-04         e0b     false
                cluster1-04_clus2  up/up      169.254.1.7/23     cluster1-04         e0b     true
    8 entries were displayed.
    cluster1::*>
  18. 驗證叢集是否正常:

    「叢集展示」

    cluster1::*> cluster show
    Node                 Health   Eligibility   Epsilon
    -------------------- -------- ------------- -------
    cluster1-01          true     true          false
    cluster1-02          true     true          false
    cluster1-03          true     true          true
    cluster1-04          true     true          false
    4 entries were displayed.
    cluster1::*>
  19. 在交換器CS1上重複步驟7至14。

  20. 在叢集生命體上啟用自動還原。

    cluster1::*> network interface modify -vserver Cluster -lif \* -auto-revert True
  21. 重新開機交換器CS1。您可以執行此動作、觸發叢集生命期以恢復到主連接埠。您可以在交換器重新開機時忽略節點上報告的「叢集連接埠當機」事件。

    cs1# reload
    This command will reboot the system. (y/n)?  [n] y
  22. 驗證連接至叢集連接埠的交換器連接埠是否正常運作。

    cs1# show interface brief \| grep up
    .
    .
    Eth1/1/1      1       eth  access up      none                    10G(D) --
    Eth1/1/2      1       eth  access up      none                    10G(D) --
    Eth1/7        1       eth  trunk  up      none                   100G(D) --
    Eth1/8        1       eth  trunk  up      none                   100G(D) --
    .
    .
  23. 確認CS1與CS2之間的ISL正常運作:

    「How port-channel Summary」

    cs1# show port-channel summary
    Flags:  D - Down        P - Up in port-channel (members)
            I - Individual  H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
            s - Suspended   r - Module-removed
            b - BFD Session Wait
            S - Switched    R - Routed
            U - Up (port-channel)
            p - Up in delay-lacp mode (member)
            M - Not in use. Min-links not met
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Group Port-       Type     Protocol  Member Ports
          Channel
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    1     Po1(SU)     Eth      LACP      Eth1/31(P)   Eth1/32(P)
    cs1#
  24. 驗證叢集生命區是否已還原至其主連接埠:

    「網路介面show -role cluster」

    cluster1::*> network interface show -role cluster
                Logical            Status     Network            Current             Current Is
    Vserver     Interface          Admin/Oper Address/Mask       Node                Port    Home
    ----------- ------------------ ---------- ------------------ ------------------- ------- ----
    Cluster
                cluster1-01_clus1  up/up      169.254.3.4/23     cluster1-01         e0d     true
                cluster1-01_clus2  up/up      169.254.3.5/23     cluster1-01         e0d     true
                cluster1-02_clus1  up/up      169.254.3.8/23     cluster1-02         e0d     true
                cluster1-02_clus2  up/up      169.254.3.9/23     cluster1-02         e0d     true
                cluster1-03_clus1  up/up      169.254.1.3/23     cluster1-03         e0b     true
                cluster1-03_clus2  up/up      169.254.1.1/23     cluster1-03         e0b     true
                cluster1-04_clus1  up/up      169.254.1.6/23     cluster1-04         e0b     true
                cluster1-04_clus2  up/up      169.254.1.7/23     cluster1-04         e0b     true
    8 entries were displayed.
    cluster1::*>
  25. 驗證叢集是否正常:

    「叢集展示」

    cluster1::*> cluster show
    Node                 Health  Eligibility   Epsilon
    -------------------- ------- ------------- -------
    cluster1-01          true    true          false
    cluster1-02          true    true          false
    cluster1-03          true    true          true
    cluster1-04          true    true          false
    4 entries were displayed.
    cluster1::*>
  26. Ping遠端叢集介面以驗證連線能力:

    「叢集ping叢集節點本機」

    cluster1::*> cluster ping-cluster -node local
    Host is cluster1-03
    Getting addresses from network interface table...
    Cluster cluster1-03_clus1 169.254.1.3 cluster1-03 e0a
    Cluster cluster1-03_clus2 169.254.1.1 cluster1-03 e0b
    Cluster cluster1-04_clus1 169.254.1.6 cluster1-04 e0a
    Cluster cluster1-04_clus2 169.254.1.7 cluster1-04 e0b
    Cluster cluster1-01_clus1 169.254.3.4 cluster1-01 e0a
    Cluster cluster1-01_clus2 169.254.3.5 cluster1-01 e0d
    Cluster cluster1-02_clus1 169.254.3.8 cluster1-02 e0a
    Cluster cluster1-02_clus2 169.254.3.9 cluster1-02 e0d
    Local = 169.254.1.3 169.254.1.1
    Remote = 169.254.1.6 169.254.1.7 169.254.3.4 169.254.3.5 169.254.3.8 169.254.3.9
    Cluster Vserver Id = 4294967293
    Ping status:
    ............
    Basic connectivity succeeds on 12 path(s)
    Basic connectivity fails on 0 path(s)
    ................................................
    Detected 9000 byte MTU on 12 path(s):
        Local 169.254.1.3 to Remote 169.254.1.6
        Local 169.254.1.3 to Remote 169.254.1.7
        Local 169.254.1.3 to Remote 169.254.3.4
        Local 169.254.1.3 to Remote 169.254.3.5
        Local 169.254.1.3 to Remote 169.254.3.8
        Local 169.254.1.3 to Remote 169.254.3.9
        Local 169.254.1.1 to Remote 169.254.1.6
        Local 169.254.1.1 to Remote 169.254.1.7
        Local 169.254.1.1 to Remote 169.254.3.4
        Local 169.254.1.1 to Remote 169.254.3.5
        Local 169.254.1.1 to Remote 169.254.3.8
        Local 169.254.1.1 to Remote 169.254.3.9
    Larger than PMTU communication succeeds on 12 path(s)
    RPC status:
    6 paths up, 0 paths down (tcp check)
    6 paths up, 0 paths down (udp check)