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使用Oracle Recovery Manager(RMAN)執行區塊層級還原

您可以在SnapManager Oracle工具Recovery Manager(RMAN)中設定、將其備份編錄為目錄、以便使用RMAN執行區塊層級的還原。RMAN可以使用資料庫的控制檔或個別的恢復目錄資料庫做為儲存庫。

  1. 若要使用SnapManager 支援功能執行完整的離線備份、請輸入下列命令:

    SMO備份會建立離線完整設定檔設定檔PROM_name-labelbackup_label_name-verbose

    其中:

    • 設定檔名稱是與備份相關聯的設定檔名稱

    • 備份標籤的名稱是:Backup label_name

smo backup create -offline -full -profile profile_monthly
-label full_backup -verbose

+
SMO-07109 [INFO ]: Cataloguing all files in backup set with RMAN
TAG=SMC_full_backup_1158773581857, RMAN=ES0/controlfile.
...
SMO-13037 [INFO ]: Successfully completed operation: Backup
SMO-13048 [INFO ]: Operation Status: SUCCESS
SMO-13049 [INFO ]: Elapsed Time: 0:02:20.506
Operation Id [ff8080810dcc47e3010dcc47eb7a0001] succeeded.
+
  1. 若要驗證備份是否以RMAN目錄、請從資料庫主機在RMAN提示字元中輸入下列命令:

    列出資料安全複製標記tag_name;

  2. 若要驗證資料庫並判斷是否有任何區塊毀損、請輸入下列命令:

    DBV file=user01.dbf

    下列輸出顯示兩個頁面毀損:

    DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Sep 20 13:35:44 2006
    Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
    DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = user01.dbf
    Page 625 is marked corrupt
    Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01400271 (file 5, block 625)
    Bad header found during dbv:
    Data in bad block:
    type: 240 format: 6 rdba: 0xed323b81
    last change scn: 0x6f07.faa74628 seq: 0x87 flg: 0x02
    spare1: 0x60 spare2: 0x5 spare3: 0xef7d
    consistency value in tail: 0xa210fe71
    check value in block header: 0x13c7
    block checksum disabled...
    Page 627 is marked corrupt
    Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01400273 (file 5, block 627)
    Bad header found during dbv:
    Data in bad block:
    type: 158 format: 7 rdba: 0x2101e16d
    last change scn: 0xe828.42414628 seq: 0xb4 flg: 0xff
    spare1: 0xcc spare2: 0x81 spare3: 0x8665
    consistency value in tail: 0x46d20601
    check value in block header: 0x1a84
    computed block checksum: 0x6c30
    DBVERIFY - Verification complete
    Total Pages Examined : 1280
    Total Pages Processed (Data) : 1123
    Total Pages Failing (Data) : 0
    Total Pages Processed (Index): 0
    Total Pages Failing (Index): 0
    Total Pages Processed (Other): 34
    Total Pages Processed (Seg) : 0
    Total Pages Failing (Seg) : 0
    Total Pages Empty : 120
    Total Pages Marked Corrupt: 2
    Total Pages Influx : 0
    Highest block SCN : 1337349 (0.1337349)
  3. 若要讓備份中的檔案可在主機上存取、並存取RMAN、請使用下列命令掛載備份:

    mosO備份掛載-profileprofile_name-label-verbose

    smo backup mount -profile SALES1 -label full_backup -verbose
    
    SMO-13046 [INFO ]: Operation GUID 8abc013111b9088e0111b908a7560001 starting on Profile SALES1
    SMO-08052 [INFO ]: Beginning to connect mount(s) [E:\logs,F:\data] from logical snapshot SMO_SALES1_hsdb1_F_C_1_8abc013111a450480111a45066210001.
    SMO-08025 [INFO ]: Beginning to connect mount E:\logs from snapshot SMO_SALES1_hsdb1_F_C_1_8abc013111a450480111a45066210001_0 of volume hs_logs.
    SMO-08027 [INFO ]: Finished connecting mount E:\logs from snapshot SMO_SALES1_hsdb1_F_C_1_8abc013111a450480111a45066210001_0 of volume hs_logs.
    SMO-08025 [INFO ]: Beginning to connect mount F:\data from snapshot SMO_SALES1_hsdb1_F_C_1_8abc013111a450480111a45066210001_0 of volume hs_data.
    SMO-08027 [INFO ]: Finished connecting mount F:\data from snapshot SMO_SALES1_hsdb1_F_C_1_8abc013111a450480111a45066210001_0 of volume hs_data.
    SMO-08053 [INFO ]: Finished connecting mount(s) [E:\logs,F:\data] from logical snapshot SMO_SALES1_hsdb1_F_C_1_8abc013111a450480111a45066210001.
    SMO-13037 [INFO ]: Successfully completed operation: Backup Mount
    SMO-13048 [INFO ]: Operation Status: SUCCESS
    SMO-13049 [INFO ]: Elapsed Time: 0:01:00.981
    Operation Id [8abc013111b9088e0111b908a7560001] succeeded.
  4. 若要恢復區塊、請在RMAN中輸入下列命令:

    區塊從tag backup_RMAN標記中恢復資料檔案’E:\path\file.dbf’區塊block_id

    RMAN> blockrecover datafile
    ‘E:\sys\file01.dbf’ block 625, 626, 627
    from tag SMO_full_backup_1158773581857;
    
    Starting blockrecover at 20-SEP-08 using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
    allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
    channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=153 devtype=DISK
    channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring block(s) from datafile copy
     C:\myfs\user01.dbf
    starting media recovery
    media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
    Finished blockrecover at 20-SEP-08
  5. 若要驗證區塊是否已修復、請使用下列命令:

    dBV file=file.dbf

    下列輸出顯示沒有頁面毀損:

    dbv FILE=user01.dbf
    
    DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Sep 20 13:40:01 2008
    Copyright (c) 1982, 2008, Oracle. All rights reserved.
    DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = user01.dbf
    DBVERIFY - Verification complete
    Total Pages Examined : 1280
    Total Pages Processed (Data) : 1126
    Total Pages Failing (Data) : 0
    Total Pages Processed (Index): 0
    Total Pages Failing (Index): 0
    Total Pages Processed (Other): 34
    Total Pages Processed (Seg) : 0
    Total Pages Failing (Seg) : 0
    Total Pages Empty : 120
    Total Pages Marked Corrupt : 0
    Total Pages Influx : 0
    Highest block SCN : 1337349 (0.1337349)

    所有毀損的區塊均已修復及還原。