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VSC, VASA Provider, and SRA 9.7

ONTAP role-based access control for the virtual appliance for VSC, VASA Provider, and SRA

Contributors netapp-asubhas

ONTAP role-based access control (RBAC) enables you to control access to specific storage systems and to control the actions that a user can perform on those storage systems. In Virtual Storage Console for VMware vSphere, ONTAP RBAC works with vCenter Server RBAC to determine which Virtual Storage Console (VSC) tasks a specific user can perform on the objects on a specific storage system.

VSC uses the credentials (user name and password) that you set up within VSC to authenticate each storage system and to determine which storage operations can be performed on that storage system. VSC uses one set of credentials for each storage system. These credentials determine which VSC tasks can be performed on that storage system; in other words, the credentials are for VSC, not for an individual VSC user.

ONTAP RBAC applies only to accessing storage systems and performing VSC tasks that are related to storage, such as provisioning virtual machines. If you do not have the appropriate ONTAP RBAC privileges for a specific storage system, you cannot perform any tasks on a vSphere object that is hosted on that storage system. You can use ONTAP RBAC in conjunction with the VSC-specific privileges to control which VSC tasks a user can perform:

  • Monitoring and configuring storage or vCenter Server objects residing on a storage system

  • Provisioning vSphere objects residing on a storage system

Using ONTAP RBAC with the VSC-specific privileges provides a storage-oriented layer of security that the storage administrator can manage. As a result, you have more fine-grained access control than what either ONTAP RBAC alone or vCenter Server RBAC alone supports. For example, with vCenter Server RBAC, you can allow vCenterUserB to provision a datastore on storage while preventing vCenterUserA from provisioning datastores. If the storage system credentials for a specific storage system do not support the creation of storage, then neither vCenterUserB nor vCenterUserA can provision a datastore on that storage system.

When you initiate a VSC task, VSC first verifies whether you have the correct vCenter Server permission for that task. If the vCenter Server permission is not sufficient to allow you to perform the task, VSC does not have to check the ONTAP privileges for that storage system because you did not pass the initial vCenter Server security check. As a result, you cannot access the storage system.

If the vCenter Server permission is sufficient, VSC then checks the ONTAP RBAC privileges (your ONTAP role) that are associated with the storage system credentials (the user name and password) to determine whether you have sufficient privileges to perform the storage operations that are required by that VSC task on that storage system. If you have the correct ONTAP privileges, you can access the storage system and perform the VSC task. The ONTAP roles determine the VSC tasks that you can perform on the storage system.

Each storage system has one set of ONTAP privileges associated with it.

Using both ONTAP RBAC and vCenter Server RBAC provides the following benefits:

  • Security

    The administrator can control which users can perform which tasks at a fine-grained vCenter Server object level and at a storage system level.

  • Audit information

    In many cases, VSC provides an audit trail on the storage system that enables you to track events back to the vCenter Server user who performed the storage modifications.

  • Usability

    You can maintain all of the controller credentials in one place.