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将数据从 7- 模式迁移到 ONTAP

提供者

本节详细介绍了将数据从 7- 模式 NetApp Data ONTAP 迁移到 ONTAP 的步骤。

将 7- 模式 NFSv3 存储过渡到 ONTAP 以获取 NFS 数据

本节介绍下表中的分步操作步骤,用于将源 7- 模式 NFSv3 导出过渡到 ONTAP 系统。

NetApp 假定源 7- 模式 NFSv3 卷已导出并挂载在客户端系统上,并且 XCP 已安装在 Linux 系统上。

  1. 验证目标 ONTAP 系统是否运行正常。

    CLUSTER::> cluster show
    Node                  Health  Eligibility
    --------------------- ------- ------------
    CLUSTER-01            true    true
    CLUSTER-02            true    true
    2 entries were displayed.
    CLUSTER::> node show
    Node      Health Eligibility Uptime        Model       Owner    Location
    --------- ------ ----------- ------------- ----------- -------- ---------------
    CLUSTER-01
              true   true        78 days 21:01 FAS8060              RTP
    CLUSTER-02
              true   true        78 days 20:50 FAS8060              RTP
    2 entries were displayed.
    CLUSTER::> storage failover show
                                  Takeover
    Node           Partner        Possible State Description
    -------------- -------------- -------- -------------------------------------
    CLUSTER-01     CLUSTER-02     true     Connected to CLUSTER-02
    CLUSTER-02     CLUSTER-01     true     Connected to CLUSTER-01
    2 entries were displayed.
  2. 验证目标系统上是否至少存在一个非根聚合。聚合正常。

    CLUSTER::> storage aggregate show
    Aggregate     Size Available Used% State   #Vols  Nodes            RAID Status
    --------- -------- --------- ----- ------- ------ ---------------- ------------
    aggr0      368.4GB   17.85GB   95% online       1 CLUSTER-01       raid_dp,
                                                                       normal
    aggr0_CLUSTER_02_0
               368.4GB   17.85GB   95% online       1 CLUSTER-02       raid_dp,
                                                                       normal
    source      1.23TB    1.10TB   11% online       6 CLUSTER-01       raid_dp,
                                                                       normal
    3 entries were displayed.

    如果没有数据聚合,请使用 storage aggr create 命令创建一个新聚合。

  3. 在目标集群系统上创建 Storage Virtual Machine ( SVM )。

    CLUSTER::> vserver create -vserver dest -rootvolume dest_root -aggregate poc -rootvolume-security-style mixed
    [Job 647] Job succeeded:
    Vserver creation completed
    Verify the security style and language settings of the source
    
    Verify that the SVM was successfully created.
    CLUSTER::> vserver show -vserver dest
                                        Vserver: dest
                                   Vserver Type: data
                                Vserver Subtype: default
                                   Vserver UUID: 91f6d786-0063-11e5-b114-00a09853a969
                                    Root Volume: dest_root
                                      Aggregate: poc
                                     NIS Domain: -
                     Root Volume Security Style: mixed
                                    LDAP Client: -
                   Default Volume Language Code: C.UTF-8
                                Snapshot Policy: default
                                        Comment:
                                   Quota Policy: default
                    List of Aggregates Assigned: -
     Limit on Maximum Number of Volumes allowed: unlimited
                            Vserver Admin State: running
                      Vserver Operational State: running
       Vserver Operational State Stopped Reason: -
                              Allowed Protocols: nfs, cifs, fcp, iscsi, ndmp
                           Disallowed Protocols: -
                Is Vserver with Infinite Volume: false
                               QoS Policy Group: -
                                    Config Lock: false
                                   IPspace Name: Default
  4. 从目标 SVM 中删除 FCP , iSCSI , NDMP 和 CIDS 协议。

    CLUSTER::> vserver remove-protocols -vserver dest -protocols fcp,iscsi,ndmp,cifs

    验证此 SVM 是否支持 NFS 协议。

    CLUSTER::> vserver show -vserver dest -fields allowed-protocols
    vserver allowed-protocols
    ------- -----------------
    dest    nfs
  5. 在目标 SVM 上创建新的读写数据卷。验证安全模式,语言设置和容量要求是否与源卷匹配。

    CLUSTER::> vol create -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -aggregate poc -size 150g -type RW -state online -security-style mixed
    [Job 648] Job succeeded: Successful
  6. 创建数据 LIF 以处理 NFS 客户端请求。

    CLUSTER::> network interface create -vserver dest -lif dest_lif -address 10.61.73.115 -netmask 255.255.255.0 -role data -data-protocol nfs -home-node CLUSTER-01 -home-port e0l

    验证是否已成功创建 LIF 。

    CLUSTER::> network interface show -vserver dest
                Logical    Status     Network            Current       Current Is
    Vserver     Interface  Admin/Oper Address/Mask       Node          Port    Home
    ----------- ---------- ---------- ------------------ ------------- ------- ----
    dest
                dest_lif
                             up/up    10.61.73.113/24    CLUSTER-01    e0i     true
  7. 如果需要,使用 SVM 创建静态路由。

    CLUSTER::> network route create -vserver dest -destination 0.0.0.0/0 -gateway 192.168.100.111

    验证是否已成功创建路由。

    CLUSTER::> network route show -vserver source
    Vserver             Destination     Gateway         Metric
    ------------------- --------------- --------------- ------
    dest
                        0.0.0.0/0       10.61.73.1      20
  8. 在 SVM 命名空间中挂载目标 NFS 数据卷。

    CLUSTER::> volume mount -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -junction-path /dest_nfs -active true

    验证是否已成功挂载此卷。

    CLUSTER::> volume show -vserver dest -fields junction-path
    vserver volume   junction-path
    ------- -------- -------------
    dest    dest_nfs /dest_nfs
    dest    dest_root
                     /
    2 entries were displayed.

    您也可以使用 volume create 命令指定卷挂载选项(接合路径)。

  9. 在目标 SVM 上启动 NFS 服务。

    CLUSTER::> vserver nfs start -vserver dest

    验证此服务是否已启动并正在运行。

    CLUSTER::> vserver nfs status
    The NFS server is running on Vserver "dest".
    CLUSTER::> nfs show
    Vserver: dest
            General Access:  true
                        v3:  enabled
                      v4.0:  disabled
                       4.1:  disabled
                       UDP:  enabled
                       TCP:  enabled
      Default Windows User:  -
     Default Windows Group:  -
  10. 验证默认 NFS 导出策略是否已应用于目标 SVM 。

    CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy show -vserver dest
    Vserver          Policy Name
    ---------------  -------------------
    dest             default
  11. 如果需要,为目标 SVM 创建新的自定义导出策略。

    CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy create -vserver dest -policyname xcpexportpolicy

    验证是否已成功创建新的自定义导出策略。

    CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy show -vserver dest
    Vserver          Policy Name
    ---------------  -------------------
    dest             default
    dest             xcpexportpolicy
    2 entries were displayed.
  12. 修改导出策略规则以允许访问 NFS 客户端。

    CLUSTER::> export-policy rule modify -vserver dest -ruleindex 1 -policyname xcpexportpolicy -clientmatch 0.0.0.0/0 -rorule any -rwrule any -anon 0
    Verify the policy rules have modified
    CLUSTER::> export-policy rule show -instance
                                        Vserver: dest
                                    Policy Name: xcpexportpolicy
                                     Rule Index: 1
                                Access Protocol: nfs3
    Client Match Hostname, IP Address, Netgroup, or Domain: 0.0.0.0/0
                                 RO Access Rule: none
                                 RW Access Rule: none
    User ID To Which Anonymous Users Are Mapped: 65534
                       Superuser Security Types: none
                   Honor SetUID Bits in SETATTR: true
                      Allow Creation of Devices: true
  13. 验证是否允许客户端访问卷。

    CLUSTER::> export-policy check-access -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -client-ip 10.61.82.215 -authentication-method none -protocol nfs3 -access-type read-write
                                             Policy    Policy       Rule
    Path                          Policy     Owner     Owner Type  Index Access
    ----------------------------- ---------- --------- ---------- ------ ----------
    /                             xcpexportpolicy
                                             dest_root volume          1 read
    /dest_nfs                     xcpexportpolicy
                                             dest_nfs  volume          1 read-write
    2 entries were displayed.
  14. 连接到 Linux NFS 服务器。为 NFS 导出的卷创建挂载点。

    [root@localhost /]# cd /mnt
    [root@localhost mnt]# mkdir dest
  15. 在此挂载点挂载目标 NFSv3 导出的卷。

    注 NFSv3 卷应导出,但不一定由 NFS 服务器挂载。如果可以挂载这些卷,则 XCP Linux 主机客户端会挂载这些卷。
    [root@localhost mnt]# mount -t nfs 10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs /mnt/dest

    验证是否已成功创建挂载点。

    [root@ localhost /]# mount | grep nfs
    10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs on /mnt/dest type nfs (rw,relatime,vers=3,rsize=65536,wsize=65536,namlen=255,hard,proto=tcp,timeo=600,retrans=2,sec=sys,mountaddr=10.61.82.215,mountvers=3,mountport=4046,mountproto=udp,local_lock=none,addr=10.61.73.115)
  16. 在 NFS 导出的挂载点上创建一个测试文件,以启用读写访问。

    [root@localhost dest]# touch test.txt
    Verify the file is created
    [root@localhost dest]# ls -l
    total 0
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root bin 0 Jun  2 03:16 test.txt
    注 读写测试完成后,从目标 NFS 挂载点删除该文件。
  17. 连接到安装了 XCP 的 Linux 客户端系统。浏览到 XCP 安装路径。

    [root@localhost ~]# cd /linux/
    [root@localhost linux]#
  18. 在 XCP Linux 客户端主机系统上运行 XCP show 命令,查询源 7- 模式 NFSv3 导出。

    [root@localhost]#./xcp show 10.61.82.215
    == NFS Exports ==
    Mounts  Errors  Server
          4       0  10.61.82.215
         Space    Files      Space    Files
          Free     Free       Used     Used Export
      23.7 GiB  778,134    356 KiB       96 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol1
      17.5 GiB  622,463   1.46 GiB      117 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol
       328 GiB    10.8M   2.86 GiB    7,904 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0/home
       328 GiB    10.8M   2.86 GiB    7,904 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0
    == Attributes of NFS Exports ==
    drwxr-xr-x --- root wheel 4KiB 4KiB 2d21h 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol1
    drwxr-xr-x --- root wheel 4KiB 4KiB 2d21h 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol
    drwxrwxrwx --t root wheel 4KiB 4KiB 9d22h 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0/home
    drwxr-xr-x --- root wheel 4KiB 4KiB  4d0h 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0
    3.89 KiB in (5.70 KiB/s), 7.96 KiB out (11.7 KiB/s), 0s.
  19. 扫描源 NFSv3 导出的路径并打印其文件结构的统计信息。

    NetApp 建议在 XCP scancopysync 操作期间将源 NFSv3 导出置于只读模式。

    [root@localhost /]# ./xcp scan 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol
    nfsvol
    nfsvol/n5000-uk9.5.2.1.N1.1.bin
    nfsvol/821_q_image.tgz
    nfsvol/822RC2_q_image.tgz
    nfsvol/NX5010_12_node_RCF_v1.3.txt
    nfsvol/n5000-uk9-kickstart.5.2.1.N1.1.bin
    nfsvol/NetApp_CN1610_1.1.0.5.stk
    nfsvol/glibc-common-2.7-2.x86_64.rpm
    nfsvol/glibc-2.7-2.x86_64.rpm
    nfsvol/rhel-server-5.6-x86_64-dvd.iso.filepart
    nfsvol/xcp
    nfsvol/xcp_source
    nfsvol/catalog
    23 scanned, 7.79 KiB in (5.52 KiB/s), 1.51 KiB out (1.07 KiB/s), 1s.
  20. 将源 7- 模式 NFSv3 导出复制到目标 ONTAP 系统上的 NFSv3 导出。

    [root@localhost /]# ./xcp copy 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol 10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs
     44 scanned, 39 copied, 264 MiB in (51.9 MiB/s), 262 MiB out (51.5 MiB/s), 5s
     44 scanned, 39 copied, 481 MiB in (43.3 MiB/s), 479 MiB out (43.4 MiB/s), 10s
     44 scanned, 40 copied, 748 MiB in (51.2 MiB/s), 747 MiB out (51.3 MiB/s), 16s
     44 scanned, 40 copied, 1.00 GiB in (55.9 MiB/s), 1.00 GiB out (55.9 MiB/s), 21s
     44 scanned, 40 copied, 1.21 GiB in (42.8 MiB/s), 1.21 GiB out (42.8 MiB/s), 26s
    Sending statistics...
    44 scanned, 43 copied, 1.46 GiB in (47.6 MiB/s), 1.45 GiB out (47.6 MiB/s), 31s.
  21. 复制完成后,验证源和目标 NFSv3 导出是否具有相同的数据。运行 XCP verify 命令。

    [root@localhost /]# ./xcp verify 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol 10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs
    44 scanned, 44 found, 28 compared, 27 same data, 2.41 GiB in (98.4 MiB/s), 6.25 MiB out (255 KiB/s), 26s
    44 scanned, 44 found, 30 compared, 29 same data, 2.88 GiB in (96.4 MiB/s), 7.46 MiB out (249 KiB/s), 31s
    44 scanned, 100% found (43 have data), 43 compared, 100% verified (data, attrs, mods), 2.90 GiB in (92.6 MiB/s), 7.53 MiB out (240 KiB/s), 32s.

    如果 XCP verify 发现源数据与目标数据之间存在差异,则摘要中会报告错误 no such file or directory 。要修复此问题描述,请运行 XCP sync 命令将源更改复制到目标。

  22. 在转换之前和期间,再次运行 verify 。如果源包含新数据或更新的数据,请执行增量更新。运行 XCP sync 命令。

    For this operation, the previous copy index name or number is required.
    [root@localhost /]# ./xcp sync -id 3
    Index: {source: '10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol', target: '10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs1'}
    64 reviewed, 64 checked at source, 6 changes, 6 modifications, 51.7 KiB in (62.5 KiB/s), 22.7 KiB out (27.5 KiB/s), 0s.
    xcp: sync '3': Starting search pass for 1 modified directory...
    xcp: sync '3': Found 6 indexed files in the 1 changed directory
    xcp: sync '3': Rereading the 1 modified directory to find what's new...
    xcp: sync '3': Deep scanning the 1 directory that changed...
    11 scanned, 11 copied, 12.6KiB in (6.19KiBps), 9.50 KiB out (4.66KiBps), 2s.
  23. 要恢复先前中断的复制操作,请运行 XCP resume 命令。

    [root@localhost /]# ./xcp resume -id 4
    Index: {source: '10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol', target: '10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs7'}
    xcp: resume '4': WARNING: Incomplete index.
    xcp: resume '4': Found 18 completed directories and 1 in progress
    106 reviewed, 24.2 KiB in (30.3 KiB/s), 7.23 KiB out (9.06 KiB/s), 0s.
    xcp: resume '4': Starting second pass for the in-progress directory...
    xcp: resume '4': Found 3 indexed directories and 0 indexed files in the 1 in-progress directory
    xcp: resume '4': In progress dirs: unindexed 1, indexed 0
    xcp: resume '4': Resuming the 1 in-progress directory...
     20 scanned, 7 copied, 205 MiB in (39.6 MiB/s), 205 MiB out (39.6 MiB/s), 5s
     20 scanned, 14 copied, 425 MiB in (42.1 MiB/s), 423 MiB out (41.8 MiB/s), 11s
     20 scanned, 14 copied, 540 MiB in (23.0 MiB/s), 538 MiB out (23.0 MiB/s), 16s
     20 scanned, 14 copied, 721 MiB in (35.6 MiB/s), 720 MiB out (35.6 MiB/s), 21s
     20 scanned, 15 copied, 835 MiB in (22.7 MiB/s), 833 MiB out (22.7 MiB/s), 26s
     20 scanned, 16 copied, 1007 MiB in (34.3 MiB/s), 1005 MiB out (34.3 MiB/s), 31s
     20 scanned, 17 copied, 1.15 GiB in (33.9 MiB/s), 1.15 GiB out (33.9 MiB/s), 36s
     20 scanned, 17 copied, 1.27 GiB in (25.5 MiB/s), 1.27 GiB out (25.5 MiB/s), 41s
     20 scanned, 17 copied, 1.45 GiB in (36.1 MiB/s), 1.45 GiB out (36.1 MiB/s), 46s
     20 scanned, 17 copied, 1.69 GiB in (48.7 MiB/s), 1.69 GiB out (48.7 MiB/s), 51s
    Sending statistics...
    20 scanned, 20 copied, 21 indexed, 1.77 GiB in (33.5 MiB/s), 1.77 GiB out (33.4 MiB/s), 54s.

    re恢复 完成复制文件后,再次运行 ve执行 以使源存储和目标存储具有相同的数据。

  24. NFSv3 客户端主机需要卸载从 7- 模式存储配置的源 NFSv3 导出,并从 ONTAP 挂载目标 NFSv3 导出。转换需要中断。

将 7- 模式卷 Snapshot 副本过渡到 ONTAP

本节介绍用于将源 7- 模式卷 NetApp Snapshot 副本过渡到 ONTAP 的操作步骤。

注 NetApp 假定源 7- 模式卷已导出并挂载在客户端系统上,并且 XCP 已安装在 Linux 系统上。Snapshot 副本是卷的时间点映像,用于记录自上次 Snapshot 副本以来的增量更改。使用 ` -snap` 选项并将 7- 模式系统作为源。
  • 警告: * 保留基本 Snapshot 副本。基线副本完成后,请勿删除基线 Snapshot 副本。要执行进一步的同步操作,需要使用基本 Snapshot 副本。

    1. 验证目标 ONTAP 系统是否运行正常。

      CLUSTER::> cluster show
      Node                  Health  Eligibility
      --------------------- ------- ------------
      CLUSTER-01            true    true
      CLUSTER-02            true    true
      2 entries were displayed.
      CLUSTER::> node show
      Node      Health Eligibility Uptime        Model       Owner    Location
      --------- ------ ----------- ------------- ----------- -------- ---------------
      CLUSTER-01
                true   true        78 days 21:01 FAS8060              RTP
      CLUSTER-02
                true   true        78 days 20:50 FAS8060              RTP
      2 entries were displayed.
      CLUSTER::> storage failover show
                                    Takeover
      Node           Partner        Possible State Description
      -------------- -------------- -------- -------------------------------------
      CLUSTER-01     CLUSTER-02     true     Connected to CLUSTER-02
      CLUSTER-02     CLUSTER-01     true     Connected to CLUSTER-01
      2 entries were displayed.
    2. 验证目标系统上是否至少存在一个非根聚合。聚合正常。

      CLUSTER::> storage aggregate show
      Aggregate     Size Available Used% State   #Vols  Nodes            RAID Status
      --------- -------- --------- ----- ------- ------ ---------------- ------------
      aggr0      368.4GB   17.85GB   95% online       1 CLUSTER-01       raid_dp,
                                                                         normal
      aggr0_CLUSTER_02_0
                 368.4GB   17.85GB   95% online       1 CLUSTER-02       raid_dp,
                                                                         normal
      source      1.23TB    1.10TB   11% online       6 CLUSTER-01       raid_dp,
                                                                         normal
      3 entries were displayed.

      如果没有数据聚合,请使用 storage aggr create 命令创建一个新聚合。

    3. 在目标集群系统上创建 SVM 。

      CLUSTER::> vserver create -vserver dest -rootvolume dest_root -aggregate poc -rootvolume-security-style mixed
      [Job 647] Job succeeded:
      Vserver creation completed
      Verify the security style and language settings of the source
      
      Verify that the SVM was successfully created.
      CLUSTER::> vserver show -vserver dest
                                          Vserver: dest
                                     Vserver Type: data
                                  Vserver Subtype: default
                                     Vserver UUID: 91f6d786-0063-11e5-b114-00a09853a969
                                      Root Volume: dest_root
                                        Aggregate: poc
                                       NIS Domain: -
                       Root Volume Security Style: mixed
                                      LDAP Client: -
                     Default Volume Language Code: C.UTF-8
                                  Snapshot Policy: default
                                          Comment:
                                     Quota Policy: default
                      List of Aggregates Assigned: -
       Limit on Maximum Number of Volumes allowed: unlimited
                              Vserver Admin State: running
                        Vserver Operational State: running
         Vserver Operational State Stopped Reason: -
                                Allowed Protocols: nfs, cifs, fcp, iscsi, ndmp
                             Disallowed Protocols: -
                  Is Vserver with Infinite Volume: false
                                 QoS Policy Group: -
                                      Config Lock: false
                                     IPspace Name: Default
    4. 从目标 SVM 中删除 FCP , iSCSI , NDMP 和 CIFS 协议。

      CLUSTER::> vserver remove-protocols -vserver dest -protocols fcp,iscsi,ndmp,cifs
      Verify that NFS is the allowed protocol for this SVM.
      CLUSTER::> vserver show -vserver dest -fields allowed-protocols
      vserver allowed-protocols
      ------- -----------------
      dest    nfs
    5. 在目标 SVM 上创建新的读写数据卷。验证安全模式,语言设置和容量要求是否与源卷匹配。

      CLUSTER::> vol create -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -aggregate poc -size 150g -type RW -state online -security-style mixed
      [Job 648] Job succeeded: Successful
    6. 创建数据 LIF 以处理 NFS 客户端请求。

      CLUSTER::> network interface create -vserver dest -lif dest_lif -address 10.61.73.115 -netmask 255.255.255.0 -role data -data-protocol nfs -home-node CLUSTER-01 -home-port e0l

      验证是否已成功创建 LIF 。

      CLUSTER::> network interface show -vserver dest
                  Logical    Status     Network            Current       Current Is
      Vserver     Interface  Admin/Oper Address/Mask       Node          Port    Home
      ----------- ---------- ---------- ------------------ ------------- ------- ----
      dest
                  dest_lif
                               up/up    10.61.73.113/24    CLUSTER-01    e0i     true
    7. 如果需要,使用 SVM 创建静态路由。

      CLUSTER::> network route create -vserver dest -destination 0.0.0.0/0 -gateway 192.168.100.111

      验证是否已成功创建路由。

      CLUSTER::> network route show -vserver source
      Vserver             Destination     Gateway         Metric
      ------------------- --------------- --------------- ------
      dest
                          0.0.0.0/0       10.61.73.1      20
    8. 在 SVM 命名空间中挂载目标 NFS 数据卷。

      CLUSTER::> volume mount -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -junction-path /dest_nfs -active true

      验证是否已成功挂载此卷。

      CLUSTER::> volume show -vserver dest -fields junction-path
      vserver volume   junction-path
      ------- -------- -------------
      dest    dest_nfs /dest_nfs
      dest    dest_root
                       /
      2 entries were displayed.

      您也可以使用 volume create 命令指定卷挂载选项(接合路径)。

    9. 在目标 SVM 上启动 NFS 服务。

      CLUSTER::> vserver nfs start -vserver dest

      验证此服务是否已启动并正在运行。

      CLUSTER::> vserver nfs status
      The NFS server is running on Vserver "dest".
      CLUSTER::> nfs show
      Vserver: dest
              General Access:  true
                          v3:  enabled
                        v4.0:  disabled
                         4.1:  disabled
                         UDP:  enabled
                         TCP:  enabled
        Default Windows User:  -
       Default Windows Group:  -
    10. 验证默认 NFS 导出策略是否应用于目标 SVM 。

      CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy show -vserver dest
      Vserver          Policy Name
      ---------------  -------------------
      dest             default
    11. 如果需要,为目标 SVM 创建新的自定义导出策略。

      CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy create -vserver dest -policyname xcpexportpolicy

      验证是否已成功创建新的自定义导出策略。

      CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy show -vserver dest
      Vserver          Policy Name
      ---------------  -------------------
      dest             default
      dest             xcpexportpolicy
      2 entries were displayed.
    12. 修改导出策略规则以允许访问目标系统上的 NFS 客户端。

      CLUSTER::> export-policy rule modify -vserver dest -ruleindex 1 -policyname xcpexportpolicy -clientmatch 0.0.0.0/0 -rorule any -rwrule any -anon 0
      Verify the policy rules have modified
      CLUSTER::> export-policy rule show -instance
                                          Vserver: dest
                                      Policy Name: xcpexportpolicy
                                       Rule Index: 1
                                  Access Protocol: nfs3
      Client Match Hostname, IP Address, Netgroup, or Domain: 0.0.0.0/0
                                   RO Access Rule: none
                                   RW Access Rule: none
      User ID To Which Anonymous Users Are Mapped: 65534
                         Superuser Security Types: none
                     Honor SetUID Bits in SETATTR: true
                        Allow Creation of Devices: true
    13. 验证客户端是否有权访问目标卷。

      CLUSTER::> export-policy check-access -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -client-ip 10.61.82.215 -authentication-method none -protocol nfs3 -access-type read-write
                                               Policy    Policy       Rule
      Path                          Policy     Owner     Owner Type  Index Access
      ----------------------------- ---------- --------- ---------- ------ ----------
      /                             xcpexportpolicy
                                               dest_root volume          1 read
      /dest_nfs                     xcpexportpolicy
                                               dest_nfs  volume          1 read-write
      2 entries were displayed.
    14. 连接到 Linux NFS 服务器。为 NFS 导出的卷创建挂载点。

      [root@localhost /]# cd /mnt
      [root@localhost mnt]# mkdir dest
    15. 在此挂载点挂载目标 NFSv3 导出的卷。

      注 NFSv3 卷应导出,但不一定由 NFS 服务器挂载。如果可以挂载这些卷,则 XCP Linux 主机客户端会挂载这些卷。
      [root@localhost mnt]# mount -t nfs 10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs /mnt/dest

      验证是否已成功创建挂载点。

      [root@ localhost /]# mount | grep nfs
      10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs on /mnt/dest type nfs
    16. 在 NFS 导出的挂载点上创建一个测试文件,以启用读写访问。

      [root@localhost dest]# touch test.txt
      Verify the file is created
      [root@localhost dest]# ls -l
      total 0
      -rw-r--r-- 1 root bin 0 Jun  2 03:16 test.txt
      注 读写测试完成后,从目标 NFS 挂载点删除该文件。
    17. 连接到安装了 XCP 的 Linux 客户端系统。浏览到 XCP 安装路径。

      [root@localhost ~]# cd /linux/
      [root@localhost linux]#
    18. 在 XCP Linux 客户端主机系统上运行 XCP show 命令,查询源 7- 模式 NFSv3 导出。

      [root@localhost]#./xcp show 10.61.82.215
      == NFS Exports ==
      Mounts  Errors  Server
            4       0  10.61.82.215
           Space    Files      Space    Files
            Free     Free       Used     Used Export
        23.7 GiB  778,134    356 KiB       96 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol1
        17.5 GiB  622,463   1.46 GiB      117 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol
         328 GiB    10.8M   2.86 GiB    7,904 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0/home
         328 GiB    10.8M   2.86 GiB    7,904 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0
      == Attributes of NFS Exports ==
      drwxr-xr-x --- root wheel 4KiB 4KiB 2d21h 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol1
      drwxr-xr-x --- root wheel 4KiB 4KiB 2d21h 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol
      drwxrwxrwx --t root wheel 4KiB 4KiB 9d22h 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0/home
      drwxr-xr-x --- root wheel 4KiB 4KiB  4d0h 10.61.82.215:/vol/vol0
      3.89 KiB in (5.70 KiB/s), 7.96 KiB out (11.7 KiB/s), 0s.
    19. 扫描源 NFSv3 导出的路径并打印其文件结构的统计信息。

      NetApp 建议在 XCP scancopysync 操作期间将源 NFSv3 导出置于只读模式。在 sync 操作中,您必须使用相应的值传递 ` -snap` 选项。

      [root@localhost /]# ./xcp scan 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol/.snapshot/snap1
      nfsvol
      nfsvol/n5000-uk9.5.2.1.N1.1.bin
      nfsvol/821_q_image.tgz
      nfsvol/822RC2_q_image.tgz
      nfsvol/NX5010_12_node_RCF_v1.3.txt
      nfsvol/n5000-uk9-kickstart.5.2.1.N1.1.bin
      nfsvol/catalog
      23 scanned, 7.79 KiB in (5.52 KiB/s), 1.51 KiB out (1.07 KiB/s), 1s.
      [root@scspr1202780001 vol_acl4]# ./xcp  sync -id 7msnap1  -snap 10.236.66.199:/vol/nfsvol/.snapshot/snap10
      (show scan and sync)
    20. 将源 7- 模式 NFSv3 快照(基本)复制到目标 ONTAP 系统上的 NFSv3 导出。

      [root@localhost /]# /xcp copy 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol/.snapshot/snap1
      10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs
       44 scanned, 39 copied, 264 MiB in (51.9 MiB/s), 262 MiB out (51.5 MiB/s), 5s
       44 scanned, 39 copied, 481 MiB in (43.3 MiB/s), 479 MiB out (43.4 MiB/s), 10s
       44 scanned, 40 copied, 748 MiB in (51.2 MiB/s), 747 MiB out (51.3 MiB/s), 16s
       44 scanned, 40 copied, 1.00 GiB in (55.9 MiB/s), 1.00 GiB out (55.9 MiB/s), 21s
       44 scanned, 40 copied, 1.21 GiB in (42.8 MiB/s), 1.21 GiB out (42.8 MiB/s), 26s
      Sending statistics...
      44 scanned, 43 copied, 1.46 GiB in (47.6 MiB/s), 1.45 GiB out (47.6 MiB/s), 31s.
      注 保留此基本快照以执行进一步的同步操作。
    21. 复制完成后,验证源和目标 NFSv3 导出是否具有相同的数据。运行 XCP verify 命令。

      [root@localhost /]# ./xcp verify 10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol 10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs
      44 scanned, 44 found, 28 compared, 27 same data, 2.41 GiB in (98.4 MiB/s), 6.25 MiB out (255 KiB/s), 26s
      44 scanned, 44 found, 30 compared, 29 same data, 2.88 GiB in (96.4 MiB/s), 7.46 MiB out (249 KiB/s), 31s
      44 scanned, 100% found (43 have data), 43 compared, 100% verified (data, attrs, mods), 2.90 GiB in (92.6 MiB/s), 7.53 MiB out (240 KiB/s), 32s.

      如果 verify 发现源数据与目标数据之间的差异,则摘要中会报告错误 no such file or directory `。要修复此问题描述,请运行 `XCP sync 命令将源更改复制到目标。

    22. 在转换之前和期间,再次运行 verify 。如果源包含新数据或更新的数据,请执行增量更新。如果存在增量更改,请为这些更改创建一个新的 Snapshot 副本,并使用 ` -snap` 选项传递该快照路径以执行同步操作。

      使用 ` -snap` 选项和快照路径运行 XCP sync 命令。

     [root@localhost /]# ./xcp sync -id 3
    Index: {source: '10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol/.snapshot/snap1', target: '10.61.73.115:/dest_nfs1'}
    64 reviewed, 64 checked at source, 6 changes, 6 modifications, 51.7 KiB in (62.5
    KiB/s), 22.7 KiB out (27.5 KiB/s), 0s.
    xcp: sync '3': Starting search pass for 1 modified directory...
    xcp: sync '3': Found 6 indexed files in the 1 changed directory
    xcp: sync '3': Rereading the 1 modified directory to find what's new...
    xcp: sync '3': Deep scanning the 1 directory that changed...
    11 scanned, 11 copied, 12.6 KiB in (6.19 KiB/s), 9.50 KiB out (4.66 KiB/s), 2s..

    +

    注 对于此操作,需要使用基本快照。
    1. 要恢复先前中断的复制操作,请运行 XCP resume 命令。

      [root@scspr1202780001 534h_dest_vol]# ./xcp resume -id 3
      XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxxxx [NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
      xcp: Index: {source: '10.61.82.215:/vol/nfsvol',/.snapshot/snap1, target: 10.237.160.55:/dest_vol}
      xcp: resume '7msnap_res1': Reviewing the incomplete index...
      xcp: diff '7msnap_res1': Found 143 completed directories and 230 in progress
      39,688 reviewed, 1.28 MiB in (1.84 MiB/s), 13.3 KiB out (19.1 KiB/s), 0s.
      xcp: resume '7msnap_res1': Starting second pass for the in-progress directories...
      xcp: resume '7msnap_res1': Resuming the in-progress directories...
      xcp: resume '7msnap_res1': Resumed command: copy {-newid: u'7msnap_res1'}
      xcp: resume '7msnap_res1': Current options: {-id: '7msnap_res1'}
      xcp: resume '7msnap_res1': Merged options: {-id: '7msnap_res1', -newid: u'7msnap_res1'}
      xcp: resume '7msnap_res1': Values marked with a * include operations before resume
       68,848 scanned*, 54,651 copied*, 39,688 indexed*, 35.6 MiB in (7.04 MiB/s), 28.1 MiB out (5.57 MiB/s), 5s
    2. NFSv3 客户端主机必须卸载从 7- 模式存储配置的源 NFSv3 导出,并从 ONTAP 挂载目标 NFSv3 导出。此转换需要中断。

将 ACLv4 从 NetApp 7- 模式迁移到 NetApp 存储系统

本节介绍将源 NFSv4 导出过渡到 ONTAP 系统的分步操作步骤。

注 NetApp 假定源 NFSv4 卷已导出并挂载在客户端系统上,并且 XCP 已安装在 Linux 系统上。源系统应为支持 ACL 的 NetApp 7- 模式系统。ACL 迁移仅支持从 NetApp 迁移到 NetApp 。要复制名称中包含特殊字符的文件,请确保源和目标支持 UTF-8 编码语言。

将源 NFSv4 导出迁移到 ONTAP 的前提条件

在将源 NFSv4 导出迁移到 ONTAP 之前,必须满足以下前提条件:

  • 目标系统必须配置 NFSv4 。

  • NFSv4 源和目标必须挂载在 XCP 主机上。选择 NFS v4.0 以匹配源存储和目标存储,并验证源系统和目标系统上是否已启用 ACL 。

  • XCP 要求在 XCP 主机上挂载源 / 目标路径以进行 ACL 处理。在以下示例中, vol1 ( 10.63.5.56 : /vol1 ) 已挂载在 ` /mnt/vol1` 路径上:

 [root@localhost ~]# df -h
Filesystem                                                   Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
10.63.5.56:/vol1                                             973M  4.2M  969M   1% /mnt/vol1
[root@localhost ~]# ./xcp scan -l -acl4 10.63.5.56:/vol1/
XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to XXX [NetApp Inc] until Sun Mar 31 00:00:00 2029
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 23h42m vol1
rw-r--r-- --- root root    4    0 23h42m vol1/DIR1/FILE
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 23h42m vol1/DIR1/DIR11
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 23h42m vol1/DIR1
rw-r--r-- --- root root    4    0 23h42m vol1/DIR1/DIR11/FILE
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 23h42m vol1/DIR1/DIR11/DIR2
rw-r--r-- --- root root    4    0 23h42m vol1/DIR1/DIR11/DIR2/FILE
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 17m43s vol1/DIR1/DIR11/DIR2/DIR22
8 scanned, 8 getacls, 1 v3perm, 7 acls, 3.80 KiB in (3.86 KiB/s), 1.21 KiB out (1.23 KiB/s), 0s.

子目录选项

使用子目录的两个选项如下:

  • 要使 XCP 在子目录 ` ( /vol1/dir1/DIR11` )上运行,请在 XCP 主机上挂载完整路径(10.63.5.56 : /vol1/dir1/DIR11 )。

    如果未挂载完整路径, XCP 将报告以下错误:

[root@localhost ~]# ./xcp scan -l -acl4 10.63.5.56:/vol1/DIR1/DIR11
XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to XXX [NetApp Inc] until Sun Mar 31 00:00:00 2029
xcp: ERROR: For xcp to process ACLs, please mount 10.63.5.56:/vol1/DIR1/DIR11 using the OS nfs4 client.
  • 使用子目录语法( mount :子目录 /qtree/.snapshot ),如以下示例所示:

[root@localhost ~]# ./xcp scan -l -acl4 10.63.5.56:/vol1:/DIR1/DIR11
XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to XXX [NetApp Inc] until Sun Mar 31 00:00:00 2029
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 23h51m DIR11
rw-r--r-- --- root root    4    0 23h51m DIR11/DIR2/FILE
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB  26m9s DIR11/DIR2/DIR22
rw-r--r-- --- root root    4    0 23h51m DIR11/FILE
drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 23h51m DIR11/DIR2
5 scanned, 5 getacls, 5 acls, 2.04 KiB in (3.22 KiB/s), 540 out (850/s), 0s.

要将 ACLv4 从 NetApp 7- 模式迁移到 NetApp 存储系统,请完成以下步骤。

  1. 验证目标 ONTAP 系统是否运行正常。

    CLUSTER::> cluster show
    Node                  Health  Eligibility
    --------------------- ------- ------------
    CLUSTER-01            true    true
    CLUSTER-02            true    true
    2 entries were displayed.
    CLUSTER::> node show
    Node      Health Eligibility Uptime        Model       Owner    Location
    --------- ------ ----------- ------------- ----------- -------- ---------------
    CLUSTER-01
              true   true        78 days 21:01 FAS8060              RTP
    CLUSTER-02
              true   true        78 days 20:50 FAS8060              RTP
    2 entries were displayed.
    CLUSTER::> storage failover show
                                  Takeover
    Node           Partner        Possible State Description
    -------------- -------------- -------- -------------------------------------
    CLUSTER-01     CLUSTER-02     true     Connected to CLUSTER-02
    CLUSTER-02     CLUSTER-01     true     Connected to CLUSTER-01
    2 entries were displayed.
  2. 验证目标系统上是否至少存在一个非根聚合。聚合正常。

    CLUSTER::> storage aggregate show
    Aggregate     Size Available Used% State   #Vols  Nodes            RAID Status
    --------- -------- --------- ----- ------- ------ ---------------- ------------
    aggr0      368.4GB   17.85GB   95% online       1 CLUSTER-01       raid_dp,
                                                                       normal
    aggr0_CLUSTER_02_0
               368.4GB   17.85GB   95% online       1 CLUSTER-02       raid_dp,
                                                                       normal
    source      1.23TB    1.10TB   11% online       6 CLUSTER-01       raid_dp,
                                                                       normal
    3 entries were displayed.

    如果没有数据聚合,请使用 storage aggr create 命令创建一个新聚合。

  3. 在目标集群系统上创建 SVM 。

    CLUSTER::> vserver create -vserver dest -rootvolume dest_root -aggregate poc -rootvolume-security-style mixed
    [Job 647] Job succeeded:
    Vserver creation completed
    Verify the security style and language settings of the source

    验证是否已成功创建 SVM 。

    CLUSTER::> vserver show -vserver dest
                                        Vserver: dest
                                   Vserver Type: data
                                Vserver Subtype: default
                                   Vserver UUID: 91f6d786-0063-11e5-b114-00a09853a969
                                    Root Volume: dest_root
                                      Aggregate: poc
                                     NIS Domain: -
                     Root Volume Security Style: mixed
                                    LDAP Client: -
                   Default Volume Language Code: C.UTF-8
                                Snapshot Policy: default
                                        Comment:
                                   Quota Policy: default
                    List of Aggregates Assigned: -
     Limit on Maximum Number of Volumes allowed: unlimited
                            Vserver Admin State: running
                      Vserver Operational State: running
       Vserver Operational State Stopped Reason: -
                              Allowed Protocols: nfs, cifs, fcp, iscsi, ndmp
                           Disallowed Protocols: -
                Is Vserver with Infinite Volume: false
                               QoS Policy Group: -
                                    Config Lock: false
                                   IPspace Name: Default
  4. 从目标 SVM 中删除 FCP , iSCSI , NDMP 和 CIFS 协议。

    CLUSTER::> vserver remove-protocols -vserver dest -protocols fcp,iscsi,ndmp,cifs

    验证此 SVM 是否支持 NFS 协议。

    CLUSTER::> vserver show -vserver dest -fields allowed-protocols
    vserver allowed-protocols
    ------- -----------------
    dest    nfs
  5. 在目标 SVM 上创建新的读写数据卷。验证安全模式,语言设置和容量要求是否与源卷匹配。

    CLUSTER::> vol create -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -aggregate poc -size 150g -type RW -state online -security-style mixed
    [Job 648] Job succeeded: Successful
  6. 创建数据 LIF 以处理 NFS 客户端请求。

    CLUSTER::> network interface create -vserver dest -lif dest_lif -address 10.61.73.115 -netmask 255.255.255.0 -role data -data-protocol nfs -home-node CLUSTER-01 -home-port e0l

    验证是否已成功创建 LIF 。

    CLUSTER::> network interface show -vserver dest
                Logical    Status     Network            Current       Current Is
    Vserver     Interface  Admin/Oper Address/Mask       Node          Port    Home
    ----------- ---------- ---------- ------------------ ------------- ------- ----
    dest
                dest_lif
                             up/up    10.61.73.113/24    CLUSTER-01    e0i     true
  7. 如果需要,使用 SVM 创建静态路由。

    CLUSTER::> network route create -vserver dest -destination 0.0.0.0/0 -gateway 192.168.100.111

    验证是否已成功创建路由。

    CLUSTER::> network route show -vserver source
    Vserver             Destination     Gateway         Metric
    ------------------- --------------- --------------- ------
    dest
                        0.0.0.0/0       10.61.73.1      20
  8. 在 SVM 命名空间中挂载目标 NFS 数据卷。

    CLUSTER::> volume mount -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -junction-path /dest_nfs -active true

    验证是否已成功挂载此卷。

    CLUSTER::> volume show -vserver dest -fields junction-path
    vserver volume   junction-path
    ------- -------- -------------
    dest    dest_nfs /dest_nfs
    dest    dest_root
                     /
    2 entries were displayed.

    您也可以使用 volume create 命令指定卷挂载选项(接合路径)。

  9. 在目标 SVM 上启动 NFS 服务。

    CLUSTER::> vserver nfs start -vserver dest

    验证此服务是否已启动并正在运行。

    CLUSTER::> vserver nfs status
    The NFS server is running on Vserver "dest".
    CLUSTER::> nfs show
    Vserver: dest
            General Access:  true
                        v3:  enabled
                      v4.0:  enabled
                       4.1:  disabled
                       UDP:  enabled
                       TCP:  enabled
      Default Windows User:  -
     Default Windows Group:  -
  10. 检查默认 NFS 导出策略是否应用于目标 SVM 。

    CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy show -vserver dest
    Vserver          Policy Name
    ---------------  -------------------
    dest             default
  11. 如果需要,为目标 SVM 创建新的自定义导出策略。

    CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy create -vserver dest -policyname xcpexportpolicy

    验证是否已成功创建新的自定义导出策略。

    CLUSTER::> vserver export-policy show -vserver dest
    Vserver          Policy Name
    ---------------  -------------------
    dest             default
    dest             xcpexportpolicy
    2 entries were displayed.
  12. 修改导出策略规则以允许访问 NFS 客户端。

    CLUSTER::> export-policy rule modify -vserver dest -ruleindex 1 -policyname xcpexportpolicy -clientmatch 0.0.0.0/0 -rorule any -rwrule any -anon 0

    验证是否已修改策略规则。

    CLUSTER::> export-policy rule show -instance
                                        Vserver: dest
                                    Policy Name: xcpexportpolicy
                                     Rule Index: 1
                                Access Protocol: nfs3
    Client Match Hostname, IP Address, Netgroup, or Domain: 0.0.0.0/0
                                 RO Access Rule: none
                                 RW Access Rule: none
    User ID To Which Anonymous Users Are Mapped: 65534
                       Superuser Security Types: none
                   Honor SetUID Bits in SETATTR: true
                      Allow Creation of Devices: true
  13. 验证是否允许客户端访问卷。

    CLUSTER::> export-policy check-access -vserver dest -volume dest_nfs -client-ip 10.61.82.215 -authentication-method none -protocol nfs3 -access-type read-write
                                             Policy    Policy       Rule
    Path                          Policy     Owner     Owner Type  Index Access
    ----------------------------- ---------- --------- ---------- ------ ----------
    /                             xcpexportpolicy
                                             dest_root volume          1 read
    /dest_nfs                     xcpexportpolicy
                                             dest_nfs  volume          1 read-write
    2 entries were displayed.
  14. 连接到 Linux NFS 服务器。为 NFS 导出的卷创建挂载点。

    [root@localhost /]# cd /mnt
    [root@localhost mnt]# mkdir dest
  15. 在此挂载点挂载目标 NFSv4 导出的卷。

    注 NFSv4 卷应导出,但不一定由 NFS 服务器挂载。如果可以挂载这些卷,则 XCP Linux 主机客户端会挂载这些卷。
    [root@localhost mnt]# mount -t nfs4 10.63.5.56:/vol1 /mnt/vol1

    验证是否已成功创建挂载点。

    [root@localhost mnt]# mount | grep nfs
    10.63.5.56:/vol1 on /mnt/vol1 type nfs4 (rw,relatime,vers=4.0,rsize=65536,wsize=65536,namlen=255,hard,proto=tcp,timeo=600,
    retrans=2,sec=sys,clientaddr=10.234.152.84,local_lock=none,addr=10.63.5.56)
  16. 在 NFS 导出的挂载点上创建一个测试文件,以启用读写访问。

    [root@localhost dest]# touch test.txt

    验证是否已创建文件。

    [root@localhost dest]# ls -l
    total 0
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root bin 0 Jun  2 03:16 test.txt
    注 读写测试完成后,从目标 NFS 挂载点删除该文件。
  17. 连接到安装了 XCP 的 Linux 客户端系统。浏览到 XCP 安装路径。

    [root@localhost ~]# cd /linux/
    [root@localhost linux]#
  18. 在 XCP Linux 客户端主机系统上运行 XCP show 命令,查询源 NFSv4 导出。

    root@localhost]# ./xcp show 10.63.5.56
    XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxx [NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    getting pmap dump from 10.63.5.56 port 111...
    getting export list from 10.63.5.56...
    sending 6 mounts and 24 nfs requests to 10.63.5.56...
    == RPC Services ==
    '10.63.5.56': UDP rpc services: MNT v1/2/3, NFS v3, NLM v4, PMAP v2/3/4, STATUS v1
    '10.63.5.56': TCP rpc services: MNT v1/2/3, NFS v3/4, NLM v4, PMAP v2/3/4, STATUS v1
    == NFS Exports ==
     Mounts  Errors  Server
          6       0  10.63.5.56
         Space    Files      Space    Files
          Free     Free       Used     Used Export
      94.7 MiB   19,883    324 KiB      107 10.63.5.56:/
       971 MiB   31,023   2.19 MiB       99 10.63.5.56:/vol2
       970 MiB   31,024   2.83 MiB       98 10.63.5.56:/vol1
      9.33 GiB  310,697    172 MiB      590 10.63.5.56:/vol_005
      43.3 GiB    1.10M   4.17 GiB    1.00M 10.63.5.56:/vol3
      36.4 GiB    1.10M   11.1 GiB    1.00M 10.63.5.56:/vol4
    == Attributes of NFS Exports ==
    drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 6d2h 10.63.5.56:/
    drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 3d2h 10.63.5.56:/vol2
    drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 3d2h 10.63.5.56:/vol1
    drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 9d2h 10.63.5.56:/vol_005
    drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 9d4h 10.63.5.56:/vol3
    drwxr-xr-x --- root root 4KiB 4KiB 9d4h 10.63.5.56:/vol4
    6.09 KiB in (9.19 KiB/s), 12.2 KiB out (18.3 KiB/s), 0s.
  19. 扫描源 NFSv4 导出的路径并打印其文件结构的统计信息。

    NetApp 建议在 XCP scancopysync 操作期间将源 NFSv4 导出置于只读模式。

    [root@localhost]# ./xcp scan -acl4 10.63.5.56:/vol1
    XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxx [NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    vol1
    vol1/test/f1
    vol1/test
    3 scanned, 3 getacls, 3 v3perms, 1.59 KiB in (1.72 KiB/s), 696 out (753/s), 0s.
  20. 将源 NFSv4 导出复制到目标 ONTAP 系统上的 NFSv4 导出。

    [root@localhost]# ./xcp copy -acl4 -newid id1 10.63.5.56:/vol1 10.63.5.56:/vol2
    XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxx [NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    3 scanned, 2 copied, 3 indexed, 3 getacls, 3 v3perms, 1 setacl, 14.7 KiB in (11.7 KiB/s), 61 KiB out (48.4 KiB/s), 1s..
  21. 完成 copy 后,验证源和目标 NFSv4 导出是否具有相同的数据。运行 XCP verify 命令。

    [root@localhost]# ./xcp verify -acl4 -noid 10.63.5.56:/vol1 10.63.5.56:/vol2
    XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxx [NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    3 scanned, 100% found (0 have data), 100% verified (data, attrs, mods, acls), 6 getacls, 6 v3perms, 2.90 KiB in (4.16 KiB/s), 2.94 KiB out (4.22 KiB/s), 0s.

    如果 verify 发现源数据与目标数据之间的差异,则摘要中会报告错误 no such file or directory 。要修复此问题描述,请运行 XCP sync 命令将源更改复制到目标。

  22. 在转换之前和期间,再次运行 verify 。如果源包含新数据或更新的数据,请执行增量更新。运行 XCP sync 命令。

    [root@ root@localhost]# ./xcp sync -id id1
    XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxx [NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    xcp: Index: {source: 10.63.5.56:/vol1, target: 10.63.5.56:/vol2}
    3 reviewed, 3 checked at source, no changes, 3 reindexed, 25.6 KiB in (32.3 KiB/s), 23.3 KiB out (29.5 KiB/s), 0s.
    注 对于此操作,需要使用先前的副本索引名称或编号。
  23. 要恢复先前中断的 copy 操作,请运行 XCP resume 命令。

    [root@localhost]# ./xcp resume -id id1
    XCP <version>; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxx [NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    xcp: Index: {source: 10.63.5.56:/vol3, target: 10.63.5.56:/vol4}
    xcp: resume 'id1': Reviewing the incomplete index...
    xcp: diff 'id1': Found 0 completed directories and 8 in progress
    39,899 reviewed, 1.64 MiB in (1.03 MiB/s), 14.6 KiB out (9.23 KiB/s), 1s.
    xcp: resume 'id1': Starting second pass for the in-progress directories...
    xcp: resume 'id1': Resuming the in-progress directories...
    xcp: resume 'id1': Resumed command: copy {-acl4: True}
    xcp: resume 'id1': Current options: {-id: 'id1'}
    xcp: resume 'id1': Merged options: {-acl4: True, -id: 'id1'}
    xcp: resume 'id1': Values marked with a * include operations before resume
     86,404 scanned, 39,912 copied, 39,899 indexed, 13.0 MiB in (2.60 MiB/s), 78.4 KiB out (15.6 KiB/s), 5s 86,404 scanned, 39,912 copied, 39,899 indexed, 13.0 MiB in (0/s), 78.4 KiB out (0/s), 10s
    1.00M scanned, 100% found (1M have data), 1M compared, 100% verified (data, attrs, mods, acls), 2.00M getacls, 202 v3perms, 1.00M same acls, 2.56 GiB in (2.76 MiB/s), 485 MiB out (524 KiB/s), 15m48s.

    re恢复 完成复制文件后,再次运行 ve执行 以使源存储和目标存储具有相同的数据。

将 7- 模式 SMB 存储过渡到 ONTAP 以获取 CIFS 数据

本节介绍将源 7- 模式 SMB 共享过渡到 ONTAP 系统的分步操作步骤。

注 NetApp 假定 7- 模式和 ONTAP 系统已获得 SMB 许可。此时将创建目标 SVM ,导出源和目标 SMB 共享,并安装 XCP 并获得许可。
  1. 扫描 SMB 共享中的文件和目录。

    C:\xcp>xcp scan -stats \\10.61.77.189\performance_SMB_home_dirs
    XCP SMB 1.6; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxxx xxxx[NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    == Maximum Values ==
    Size Depth Namelen Dirsize
    15.6MiB 2 8 200
    == Average Values ==
    Size Depth Namelen Dirsize
    540KiB 2 7 81
    == Top File Extensions ==
    .txt .tmp
    5601 2200
    == Number of files ==
    empty <8KiB 8-64KiB 64KiB-1MiB 1-10MiB 10-100MiB >100MiB
    46 6301 700 302 200 252
    == Space used ==
    empty <8KiB 8-64KiB 64KiB-1MiB 1-10MiB 10-100MiB >100MiB
    0 6.80MiB 8.04MiB 120MiB 251MiB 3.64GiB 0
    == Directory entries ==
    empty 1-10 10-100 100-1K 1K-10K >10k
    18 1 77 1
    == Depth ==
    0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-100 >100
    7898
    == Modified ==
    >1 year >1 month 1-31 days 1-24 hrs <1 hour <15 mins future
    2167 56 322 5353
    == Created ==
    >1 year >1 month 1-31 days 1-24 hrs <1 hour <15 mins future
    2171 54 373 5300
    Total count: 7898
    Directories: 97
    Regular files: 7801
    Symbolic links:
    Junctions:
    Special files:
    Total space for regular files: 4.02GiB
    Total space for directories: 0
    Total space used: 4.02GiB
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0s
  2. 将文件(带或不带 ACL )从源 SMB 共享复制到目标 SMB 共享。以下示例显示了一个具有 ACL 的副本。

    C:\xcp>xcp copy -acl -fallback-user "DOMAIN\gabi" -fallback-group "DOMAIN\Group" \\10.61.77.189\performance_SMB_home_dirs \\10.61.77.56\performance_SMB_home_dirs
    XCP SMB 1.6; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxxx xxxx[NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 184 copied, 96.1MiB (19.2MiB/s), 5s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 333 copied, 519MiB (84.7MiB/s), 10s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 366 copied, 969MiB (89.9MiB/s), 15s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 422 copied, 1.43GiB (99.8MiB/s), 20s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 1,100 copied, 1.69GiB (52.9MiB/s), 25s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 1,834 copied, 1.94GiB (50.4MiB/s), 30s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 1,906 copied, 2.43GiB (100MiB/s), 35s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 2,937 copied, 2.61GiB (36.6MiB/s), 40s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 2,969 copied, 3.09GiB (100.0MiB/s), 45s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 3,001 copied, 3.58GiB (100.0MiB/s), 50s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 3,298 copied, 4.01GiB (88.0MiB/s), 55s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 5,614 copied, 4.01GiB (679KiB/s), 1m0s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 7,879 copied, 4.02GiB (445KiB/s), 1m5s
    7,898 scanned, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 7,897 copied, 4.02GiB (63.2MiB/s), 1m5s
    注 如果没有数据聚合,请使用 storage aggr create 命令创建一个新聚合。
  3. 同步源和目标上的文件。

    C:\xcp>xcp sync -acl -fallback-user "DOMAIN\gabi" -fallback-group "DOMAIN\Group" \\10.61.77.189\performance_SMB_home_dirs \\10.61.77.56\performance_SMB_home_dirs
    XCP SMB 1.6; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxxx xxxx[NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    10,796 scanned, 4,002 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 5s
    15,796 scanned, 8,038 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 10s
    15,796 scanned, 8,505 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 15s
    15,796 scanned, 8,707 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 20s
    15,796 scanned, 8,730 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 25s
    15,796 scanned, 8,749 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 30s
    15,796 scanned, 8,765 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 35s
    15,796 scanned, 8,786 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 40s
    15,796 scanned, 8,956 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 45s
    8 XCP v1.6 User Guide © 2020 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved.
    Step Description
    15,796 scanned, 9,320 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 50s
    15,796 scanned, 9,339 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 55s
    15,796 scanned, 9,363 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m0s
    15,796 scanned, 10,019 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m5s
    15,796 scanned, 10,042 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m10s
    15,796 scanned, 10,059 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m15s
    15,796 scanned, 10,075 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m20s
    15,796 scanned, 10,091 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m25s
    15,796 scanned, 10,108 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m30s
    15,796 scanned, 10,929 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m35s
    15,796 scanned, 12,443 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m40s
    15,796 scanned, 13,963 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m45s
    15,796 scanned, 15,488 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m50s
    15,796 scanned, 15,796 compared, 0 errors, 0 skipped, 0 copied, 0 removed, 1m51s
  4. 验证是否已正确复制这些文件。

    C:\xcp> xcp verify \\10.61.77.189\performance_SMB_home_dirs \\10.61.77.56\performance_SMB_home_dir
    XCP SMB 1.6; (c) 2020 NetApp, Inc.; Licensed to xxxx xxxx[NetApp Inc] until Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 2029
    8 compared, 8 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 5s
    24 compared, 24 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 10s
    41 compared, 41 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 15s
    63 compared, 63 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 20s
    86 compared, 86 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 25s
    423 compared, 423 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 30s
    691 compared, 691 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 35s
    1,226 compared, 1,226 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 40s
    1,524 compared, 1,524 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 45s
    1,547 compared, 1,547 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 50s
    1,564 compared, 1,564 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 55s
    2,026 compared, 2,026 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m0s
    2,045 compared, 2,045 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m5s
    2,061 compared, 2,061 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m10s
    2,081 compared, 2,081 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m15s
    2,098 compared, 2,098 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m20s
    2,116 compared, 2,116 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m25s
    3,232 compared, 3,232 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m30s
    4,817 compared, 4,817 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m35s
    6,267 compared, 6,267 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m40s
    7,844 compared, 7,844 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m45s
    7,898 compared, 7,898 same, 0 different, 0 missing, 1m45s,cifs