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适用于 Windows AD 服务器的 AWS 安全组设置

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如果您将 Windows Active Directory ( AD )服务器与云卷结合使用,则应熟悉 AWS 安全组设置指南。通过这些设置,云卷可以与 AD 正确集成。

默认情况下,应用于 EC2 Windows 实例的 AWS 安全组不包含除 RDP 之外的任何协议的入站规则。您必须向附加到每个 Windows AD 实例的安全组添加规则,才能从 Cloud Volumes Service 启用入站通信。所需端口如下:

服务 端口 协议

AD Web 服务

9389

TCP

DNS

53.

TCP

DNS

53.

UDP

ICMPv4

不适用

回显回复

Kerberos

464.

TCP

Kerberos

464.

UDP

Kerberos

88

TCP

Kerberos

88

UDP

LDAP

389.

TCP

LDAP

389.

UDP

LDAP

3268

TCP

NetBIOS 名称

138.

UDP

SAM/LSA

445

TCP

SAM/LSA

445

UDP

安全 LDAP

636

TCP

安全 LDAP

3369

TCP

w32 时间

123.

UDP

如果您要在 AWS EC2 实例上部署和管理 AD 安装域控制器和成员服务器,则需要多个安全组规则才能允许 Cloud Volumes Service 的流量。以下示例说明了如何在 AWS CloudFormation 模板中为 AD 应用程序实施这些规则。

{
    "AWSTemplateFormatVersion" : "2010-09-09",
    "Description" : "Security Group for AD",
    "Parameters" :
    {
    	"VPC" :
    	{
    		"Type" : "AWS::EC2::VPC::Id",
    		"Description" : "VPC where the Security Group will belong:"
    	},
    	"Name" :
    	{
    		"Type" : "String",
    		"Description" : "Name Tag of the Security Group:"
    	},
    	"Description" :
    	{
    		"Type" : "String",
    		"Description" : "Description Tag of the Security Group:",
            "Default" : "Security Group for Active Directory for CVS "
    	},
        "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP" :
    	{
    		"Type" : "String",
    		"Description" : "CIDR Range for the UDP ports 445,138,464,389,53,123 and for the TCP ports 464,339,3389,3268,88,636,9389,445 and 0-65535: *CIDR range format: 10.0.0.0/24"
    	}
    },
    "Resources" :
    {
    	"ADSGWest" :
    	{
    		"Type" : "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup",
    		"Properties" :
    		{
    			"GroupDescription" : {"Ref" : "Description"},
    			"VpcId" : { "Ref" : "VPC" },
                "SecurityGroupIngress" : [
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "udp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "445",
                        "ToPort" : "445"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "udp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "138",
                        "ToPort" : "138"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "udp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "464",
                        "ToPort" : "464"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "464",
                        "ToPort" : "464"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "udp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "389",
                        "ToPort" : "389"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "udp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "53",
                        "ToPort" : "53"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "339",
                        "ToPort" : "339"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "udp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "123",
                        "ToPort" : "123"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "3389",
                        "ToPort" : "3389"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "3268",
                        "ToPort" : "3268"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "88",
                        "ToPort" : "88"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "636",
                        "ToPort" : "636"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "3269",
                        "ToPort" : "3269"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "53",
                        "ToPort" : "53"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "0",
                        "ToPort" : "65535"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "9389",
                        "ToPort" : "9389"
                    },
                    {
                        "IpProtocol" : "tcp",
                        "CidrIp" : {"Ref" : "CIDRrangeforTCPandUDP"},
                        "FromPort" : "445",
                        "ToPort" : "445"
                    }
                ]
    		}
    	}
    },
    "Outputs" :
    {
        "SecurityGroupID" :
        {
            "Description" : "Security Group ID",
            "Value" : { "Ref" : "ADSGWest" }
        }
    }
}