本繁體中文版使用機器翻譯,譯文僅供參考,若與英文版本牴觸,應以英文版本為準。

產生CA簽署的憑證

for UNIX精靈服務需要您產生CA簽署的憑證、才能成功進行精靈通訊。SnapDrive您必須在「snapdrive.conf」檔案中指定的路徑提供CA簽署的憑證。

  • 您必須以root使用者的身分登入。

  • 您必須在「snapdrive.conf」檔案中設定下列參數、才能使用HTTPS進行通訊:

    • use-https-to -SDU-daemon=on

    • contact-https-port-sdU-daemon=4095

    • SDU-daeme-Certificate路徑=(或)/opt/NetApp/SnapDrive / SnapDrive(磁碟機).pem

步驟
  1. 以pem格式產生新的未加密RSA私密金鑰:

    「$openssl genrsa -out privkey.pem 10410*」

    Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
     ....................++++++ ....................................++++++
    e is 65537 (0x10001)
  2. 設定「/etc/ssc/openssl.cnf」以建立CA私密金鑰和憑證「VI /etc/ssc/openssl.cnf」。

  3. 使用您的RSA私密金鑰建立未簽署的憑證:

    「$openssl req - new -x509 -key privkey.pem -out cert.pem*」

    You are about to be asked to enter information that will be
    incorporated into your certificate request.
    What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or
    a DN.
    There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank For some
    fields there will be a default value, If you enter '.', the field
    will be left blank.
    -----
    Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:NY
    State or Province Name (full name) []:Nebraska Locality Name (eg,
    city) [Default City]:Omaha Organization Name (eg, company) [Default
    Company Ltd]:abc.com Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:
    Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:localhost
    Email Address []:abc@example.org
  4. 使用您的私密金鑰和憑證來建立CSR:

    「* cat cert.pem privkey.pem | openssl x509 -x509toreq -signkey privkey.pem -out certreq.csr*」

    Getting request Private Key Generating certificate request
  5. 使用您剛建立的CSR、以CA私密金鑰簽署憑證:

    「$openssl ca -in certreq.csr -out newcert.pem*」

    Using configuration from /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf Check that the
    request matches the signature Signature ok Certificate Details:
             Serial Number: 4096 (0x1000)
             Validity
                Not Before: May 17 06:02:51 2015 GMT
                 Not After : May 16 06:02:51 2016 GMT
                 Subject:
                 countryName               = NY
                 stateOrProvinceName       = Nebraska
                 organizationName          = abc.com
                 commonName                = localhost
                 emailAddress              = abc@example.org
                 X509v3 extensions:
                 X509v3 Basic Constraints:
                     CA:FALSE
                 X509v3 Key Usage:
                     Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment
                 Netscape Comment:
                     OpenSSL Generated Certificate
                 X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
                     FB:B0:F6:A0:9B:F2:C2:BC:50:BF:45:B2:9D:DB:AA:3B:C5:07:5B:7F
                 X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
    
     keyid:FB:B0:F6:A0:9B:F2:C2:BC:50:BF:45:B2:9D:DB:AA:3B:C5:07:5B:7F
    
     Certificate is to be certified until May 16 06:02:51 2016 GMT (365
     days) Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y
    
    
     1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y Write out
     database with 1 new entries Data Base Updated
  6. 安裝SSL伺服器所使用的簽署憑證和私密金鑰。

    The newcert.pem is the certificate signed by your local CA that you can then use in an
    ssl server:
    ( openssl x509 -in newcert.pem; cat privkey.pem ) > server.pem
    ln -s server.pem `openssl x509 -hash -noout -in server.pem`.0 # dot-zero
    ( server.pem refers to location of https server certificate)