Skip to main content
Astra Control Service
All cloud providers
  • Amazon Web Services
  • Google Cloud
  • Microsoft Azure
  • All cloud providers

Protect apps with snapshots and backups

Contributors netapp-mwallis netapp-dbagwell

Protect your apps by taking snapshots and backups using an automated protection policy or on an ad-hoc basis. You can use the Astra UI or the Astra Control API to protect apps.

You can do the following tasks related to protecting your app data:

Configure a protection policy

A protection policy protects an app by creating snapshots, backups, or both at a defined schedule. You can choose to create snapshots and backups hourly, daily, weekly, and monthly, and you can specify the number of copies to retain.

If you need backups or snapshots to run more frequently than once per hour, you can use the Astra Control REST API to create snapshots and backups.

Note If you are defining a protection policy that creates immutable backups to write once read many (WORM) buckets, ensure that the retention time for the backups is not shorter than the retention period configured for the bucket.
Steps
  1. Select Applications and then select the name of a managed app.

  2. Select Data Protection.

  3. Select Configure Protection Policy.

  4. Define a protection schedule by choosing the number of snapshots and backups to keep for the hourly, daily, weekly, and monthly schedules.

    You can define the hourly, daily, weekly, and monthly schedules concurrently. A schedule won't turn active until you set a retention level for snapshots and backups.

    When you set a retention level for backups, you can choose the bucket where you'd like to store the backups.

    The following example sets four protection schedules: hourly, daily, weekly, and monthly for snapshots and backups.

    A screenshot of a sample configuration policy where you can choose to take snapshots and backups on an hourly, daily, weekly, or monthly basis.

  5. Select Review.

  6. Select Set Protection Policy.

Result

Astra Control implements the data protection policy by creating and retaining snapshots and backups using the schedule and retention policy that you defined.

Create a snapshot

You can create an on-demand snapshot at any time.

About this task

Astra Control supports snapshot creation using storage classes backed by the following drivers:

  • ontap-nas

  • ontap-san

  • ontap-san-economy

Important If your app uses a storage class backed by the ontap-nas-economy driver, snapshots can't be created. Use an alternate storage class for snapshots.
Steps
  1. Select Applications.

  2. From the Options menu in the Actions column for the desired app, select Snapshot.

  3. Customize the name of the snapshot and then select Next.

  4. Review the snapshot summary and select Snapshot.

Result

The snapshot process begins. A snapshot is successful when the status is Healthy in the State column on the Data protection > Snapshots page.

Create a backup

You can also back up an app at any time.

Note

Be aware of how storage space is handled when you back up an application hosted on Azure NetApp Files storage. Refer to Application backups for more information.

Note

Astra Control supports backup creation using storage classes backed by the following drivers:

  • ontap-nas

  • ontap-nas-economy

  • ontap-san

  • ontap-san-economy

About this task

Buckets in Astra Control do not report available capacity. Before backing up or cloning apps managed by Astra Control, check bucket information in the appropriate storage management system.

If your app uses a storage class backed by the ontap-nas-economy driver, you need to enable backup and restore functionality. Be sure that you have defined a backendType parameter in your Kubernetes storage object with a value of ontap-nas-economy before performing any protection operations.

Steps
  1. Select Applications.

  2. From the Options menu in the Actions column for the desired app, select Back up.

  3. Customize the name of the backup.

  4. Choose whether to back up the app from an existing snapshot. If you select this option, you can choose from a list of existing snapshots.

  5. Choose a destination bucket for the backup from the list of storage buckets.

  6. Select Next.

  7. Review the backup summary and select Back up.

Result

Astra Control creates a backup of the app.

Note
  • If your network has an outage or is abnormally slow, a backup operation might time out. This causes the backup to fail.

  • If you need to cancel a running backup, use the instructions in Cancel backups. To delete the backup, wait until it has completed and then use the instructions in Delete backups.

  • After a data protection operation (clone, backup, restore) and subsequent persistent volume resize, there is up to a twenty-minute delay before the new volume size is shown in the UI. The data protection operation is successful within minutes, and you can use the management software for the storage backend to confirm the change in volume size.

Enable backup and restore for ontap-nas-economy operations

Astra Control Provisioner provides backup and restore functionality that can be enabled for storage backends that are using the ontap-nas-economy storage class.

Before you begin
  • You have enabled Astra Control Provisioner.

  • You have defined an application in Astra Control. This application will have limited protection functionality until you complete this procedure.

  • You have ontap-nas-economy selected as the default storage class for your storage backend.

Expand for configuration steps
  1. Do the following on the ONTAP storage backend:

    1. Find the SVM that is hosting the ontap-nas-economy-based volumes of the application.

    2. Log in to a terminal connected to ONTAP where the volumes are created.

    3. Hide the snapshot directory for the SVM:

      Note This change affects the entire SVM. The hidden directory will continue to be accessible.
      nfs modify -vserver <svm name> -v3-hide-snapshot enabled
      Important Verify that the snapshot directory on the ONTAP storage backend is hidden. Failure to hide this directory might lead to loss of access to your application, especially if it is using NFSv3.
  2. Do the following in Astra Trident:

    1. Enable the snapshot directory for each PV that is ontap-nas-economy based and associated with the application:

      tridentctl update volume <pv name> --snapshot-dir=true --pool-level=true -n trident
    2. Confirm that the snapshot directory has been enabled for each associated PV:

      tridentctl get volume <pv name> -n trident -o yaml | grep snapshotDir

      Response:

      snapshotDirectory: "true"
  3. In Astra Control, refresh the application after enabling all associated snapshot directories so that Astra Control recognizes the changed value.

Result

The application is ready to backup and restore using Astra Control. Each PVC is also available to be used by other applications for backups and restores.

Create an immutable backup

An immutable backup cannot be modified, deleted, or overwritten as long as the retention policy on the bucket that stores the backup forbids it. You can create immutable backups by backing up applications to buckets that have a retention policy configured. Refer to Data protection for important information about working with immutable backups.

Before you begin

You need to configure the destination bucket with a retention policy. How you do this will differ depending on which storage provider you use. Refer to the storage provider documentation for more information:

Note Buckets in Astra Control do not report available capacity. Before backing up or cloning apps managed by Astra Control, check bucket information in the appropriate storage management system.
Important If your app uses a storage class backed by the ontap-nas-economy driver, be sure that you have defined a backendType parameter in your Kubernetes storage object with a value of ontap-nas-economy before performing any protection operations.
Steps
  1. Select Applications.

  2. From the Options menu in the Actions column for the desired app, select Back up.

  3. Customize the name of the backup.

  4. Choose whether to back up the app from an existing snapshot. If you select this option, you can choose from a list of existing snapshots.

  5. Choose a destination bucket for the backup from the list of storage buckets. A write once read many (WORM) bucket is indicated with a status of "Locked" next to the bucket name.

    Note If the bucket is an unsupported type, this is indicated when you hover over or select the bucket.
  6. Select Next.

  7. Review the backup summary and select Back up.

Result

Astra Control creates an immutable backup of the app.

Note
  • If your network has an outage or is abnormally slow, a backup operation might time out. This causes the backup to fail.

  • If you try to create two immutable backups of the same app to the same bucket at the same time, Astra Control prevents the second backup from starting. Wait until the first backup is complete before starting another.

  • You cannot cancel a running immutable backup.

  • After a data protection operation (clone, backup, restore) and subsequent persistent volume resize, there is up to a twenty-minute delay before the new volume size is shown in the UI. The data protection operation is successful within minutes, and you can use the management software for the storage backend to confirm the change in volume size.

View snapshots and backups

You can view the snapshots and backups of an app from the Data Protection tab.

Note An immutable backup is indicated with a status of "Locked" next to the bucket it is using.
Steps
  1. Select Applications and then select the name of a managed app.

  2. Select Data Protection.

    The snapshots display by default.

  3. Select Backups to refer to the list of backups.

Delete snapshots

Delete the scheduled or on-demand snapshots that you no longer need.

Steps
  1. Select Applications and then select the name of a managed app.

  2. Select Data Protection.

  3. From the Options menu in the Actions column for the desired snapshot, select Delete snapshot.

  4. Type the word "delete" to confirm deletion and then select Yes, Delete snapshot.

Result

Astra Control deletes the snapshot.

Cancel backups

You can cancel a backup that is in progress.

Tip To cancel a backup, the backup must be in Running state. You cannot cancel a backup that is in Pending state.
Note You cannot cancel a running immutable backup.
Steps
  1. Select Applications and then select the name of an app.

  2. Select Data Protection.

  3. Select Backups.

  4. From the Options menu in the Actions column for the desired backup, select Cancel.

  5. Type the word "cancel" to confirm the operation and then select Yes, cancel backup.

Delete backups

Delete the scheduled or on-demand backups that you no longer need.

Note If you need to cancel a running backup, use the instructions in Cancel backups. To delete the backup, wait until it has completed and then use these instructions.
Note You cannot delete an immutable backup before the retention period expires.
Steps
  1. Select Applications and then select the name of an app.

  2. Select Data Protection.

  3. Select Backups.

  4. From the Options menu in the Actions column for the desired backup, select Delete backup.

  5. Type the word "delete" to confirm deletion and then select Yes, Delete backup.

Result

Astra Control deletes the backup.