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Rancher on NetApp HCI concepts

Contributors netapp-pcarriga netapp-dbagwell

Learn basic concepts related to Rancher on NetApp HCI.

  • Rancher server or Control plane: The Rancher control plane, sometimes called the Rancher Server, provisions, manages, and monitors Kubernetes clusters used by Development and Operations teams.

  • Catalogs: Catalogs are GitHub repositories or Helm Chart repositories filled with applications that are ready-made for deployment. Rancher provides the ability to use a catalog of Helm charts that make it easy to deploy applications repeatedly. Rancher includes two types of catalogs: built-in global catalogs and custom catalogs. Trident is deployed as a catalog. See Rancher documentation about catalogs.

  • Management cluster: Rancher on NetApp HCI deploys three virtual machines on the Rancher management cluster, which you can see using Rancher, Hybrid Cloud Control, and the vCenter Plug-in. The management cluster virtual machines host the Rancher server, the Rancher Kubernetes Engine (RKE), and the Linux OS.

  • User clusters: These downstream Kubernetes clusters run your apps and services. In Kubernetes installations of Rancher, the management cluster should be separate from the user clusters. Any cluster that a Rancher user deploys from Rancher, or imports into Rancher, is considered a user cluster.

  • Rancher node template: Hybrid Cloud Control uses a Rancher node template to make deployment simpler.

Trident software and persistent storage concepts

Trident, itself a Kubernetes-native application, runs directly within a Kubernetes cluster. With Trident, Kubernetes users (such as developers, data scientists, and Kubernetes administrators) can create, manage, and interact with persistent storage volumes in the standard Kubernetes format that they are already familiar with. With Trident, NetApp solutions can meet persistent volume claims that are made by Kubernetes clusters.

With Rancher, you can use a persistent volume, one that exists independently of any specific pod and with its own lifetime. Using Trident to manage persistent volume claims (PVCs) insulates the developers creating pods from the lower-level implementation details of the storage that they are accessing.

When a containerized application issues a persistent volume claim (PVC) request, Trident dynamically provisions storage per the parameters requested against the NetApp Element software storage layer in NetApp HCI.

A Trident catalog is available to Rancher on NetApp HCI and runs in the user clusters. As part of the Rancher on NetApp HCI implementation, a Trident installer is available in the Rancher catalog by default. Inclusion of this catalog simplifies the Trident deployment to user clusters.

For details, visit the Trident documentation.

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