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What is grid federation?

Contributors netapp-madkat ssantho3

You can use grid federation to clone tenants and replicate their objects between two StorageGRID systems for disaster recovery.

What is a grid federation connection?

A grid federation connection is a bidirectional, trusted, and secure connection between Admin and Gateway Nodes in two StorageGRID systems.

Workflow for grid federation

The workflow diagram summarize the steps for configuring a grid federation connection between two grids.

Grid federation connection workflow

Considerations and requirements for grid federation connections

  • Both grids used for grid federation must be running StorageGRID 11.7.

  • A grid can have one or more grid federation connections to other grids. Each grid federation connection is independent of any other connections. For example, if Grid 1 has one connection with Grid 2 and a second connection with Grid 3, there is no implied connection between Grid 2 and Grid 3.

  • Grid federation connections are bidirectional. After the connection is established, you can monitor and manage the connection from either grid.

  • At least one grid federation connection must exist before you can use account clone or cross-grid replication.

Networking and IP address requirements

  • Grid federation connections can occur on the Grid Network, Admin Network, or Client Network.

  • A grid federation connection connects one grid to another grid. The configuration for each grid specifies a grid federation endpoint on the other grid that consists of Admin Nodes, Gateway Nodes, or both.

  • The best practice is to connect high availability (HA) groups of Gateway and Admin Nodes on each grid. Using HA groups helps ensure that grid federation connections will remain online if nodes become unavailable. If the active interface in either HA group fails, the connection can use a backup interface.

  • Creating a grid federation connection that uses the IP address of a single Admin Node or Gateway Node is not recommended. If the node becomes unavailable, the grid federation connection will also become unavailable.

  • Cross-grid replication of objects requires that the Storage Nodes on each grid be able to access the configured Admin and Gateway Nodes on the other grid. For each grid, confirm that all Storage Nodes have a high bandwidth route to as the Admin Nodes or Gateway Nodes used for the connection.

Use FQDNs to load balance the connection

For a production environment, use fully qualified domain names (FQDNs) to identify each grid in the connection. Then, create the appropriate DNS entries, as follows:

  • The FQDN for Grid 1 mapped to one or more virtual IP (VIP) addresses for HA groups in Grid 1 or to the IP address of one or more Admin or Gateway Nodes in Grid 1.

  • The FQDN for Grid 2 mapped to one or more VIP addresses for Grid 2 or to the IP address of one or more Admin or Gateway Nodes in Grid 2.

When you use multiple DNS entries, requests to use the connection are load balanced, as follows:

  • DNS entries that map to the VIP addresses of multiple HA groups are load balanced between the active nodes in the HA groups.

  • DNS entries that map to the IP addresses of multiple Admin Nodes or Gateway Nodes are load balanced between the mapped nodes.

Port requirements

When creating a grid federation connection, you can specify any unused port number from 23000 to 23999. Both grids in this connection will use the same port.

You must ensure that no node in either grid uses this port for other connections.

Certificate requirements

When you configure a grid federation connection, StorageGRID automatically generates four SSL certificates:

  • Server and client certificates to authenticate and encrypt information sent from grid 1 to grid 2

  • Server and client certificates to authenticate and encrypt information sent from grid 2 to grid 1

Grid federation certificates

By default, the certificates are valid for 730 days (2 years). When these certificates near their expiration date, the Expiration of grid federation certificate alert reminds you to rotate the certificates, which you can do using the Grid Manager.

Caution If the certificates on either end of the connection expire, the connection will stop working. Data replication will be pending until the certificates are updated.